File Name: disease and medicine list .zip
Infectious plant diseases are caused by bacteria , fungi , or viruses and can range in severity from mild leaf or fruit damage to death. The following is a list of some of the major plant diseases , grouped by type of causative agent and ordered alphabetically.
Ranging from the acceleration of development for treatments for COVID, maintaining and securing drug supply chains, providing guidance to manufacturers, advising developers on how to handle clinical trial issues, and keeping the public informed. Feb 16 - Regarding false and misleading claims about Dsuvia sublingual tablet. Feb 16 - FDA provides guidance on early development for anti-cancer therapies.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD is a group of progressive lung diseases that make it difficult to breathe.
COPD can include emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Smoking often causes COPD, but in some cases, breathing in toxins from the environment is the cause. However, several medications can help reduce inflammation and open your airways to help you breathe easier with COPD. Bronchodilators help open your airways to make breathing easier. Your doctor may prescribe short-acting bronchodilators for an emergency situation or for quick relief as needed.
You take them using an inhaler or nebulizer. With COPD, your airways can be inflamed, causing them to become swollen and irritated. Inflammation makes it harder to breathe. Corticosteroids are a type of medication that reduces inflammation in the body, making air flow easier in the lungs.
Several types of corticosteroids are available. Some are inhalable and should be used every day as directed. Other corticosteroids are injected or taken by mouth. These forms are used on a short-term basis when your COPD suddenly gets worse. When this happens, some doctors prescribe a drug called theophylline along with a bronchodilator. Theophylline works as an anti-inflammatory drug and relaxes the muscles in the airways.
It comes as a pill or liquid you take daily. Long-acting bronchodilators are medications that are used to treat COPD over a longer period of time. Several COPD drugs come as combination medications.
These are mainly combinations of either two long-acting bronchodilators or an inhaled corticosteroid and a long-acting bronchodilator. Triple therapy, a combination of an inhaled corticosteroid and two long-acting bronchodilators, is recommended for those who continue to have shortness of breath or trouble breathing and are currently using LABA and LAMA combination therapy.
A research review found that triple therapy reduced flare-ups and improved lung function in people with advanced COPD. According to current guidelines , the inhaled corticosteroid may be withdrawn if you have not had a flare-up in the past year.
However, it also indicated that pneumonia was more likely to develop with triple therapy than with a combination of two medications. Roflumilast Daliresp is a type of drug called a phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor. It comes as a pill you take once per day.
Roflumilast helps relieve inflammation, which can improve air flow to your lungs. Your doctor will likely prescribe this drug along with a long-acting bronchodilator. COPD flare-ups can cause increased levels of mucus in the lungs.
Mucoactive drugs help reduce mucus or thin it so you can more easily cough it up. They typically come in pill form and include:.
A study suggested that these medications may help reduce flare-ups and disability from COPD. A study also found that erdosteine lowered the number and severity of COPD flare-ups. Your doctor may recommend that you get the pneumococcal vaccine as well. These vaccines reduce your risk for getting sick and can help you avoid infections and other complications related to COPD.
A research review found that the flu vaccine may also reduce COPD flare-ups, but it noted that there were few current studies. A research review indicated that consistent antibiotic treatment helped reduce COPD flare-ups. However, the study noted that repeated antibiotic use can cause antibiotic resistance. It also found that azithromycin was associated with hearing loss as a side effect. A study found that the drug tyrphostin AG helped lower inflammation levels in zebrafish.
The medication also sped up the rate of death of neutrophils, which are cells that promote inflammation, in mice with inflamed lungs similar to COPD. Eventually, they may become a treatment option for COPD. In some people, inflammation from COPD may be a result of eosinophilia, or having a higher-than-normal number of white blood cells called eosinophils. A study indicated that biologic drugs may be able to treat this form of COPD.
Biologic drugs are created from living cells. Different types of medications treat different aspects and symptoms of COPD. Your doctor will prescribe medications that will best treat your particular condition. If you have serious side effects, such as an allergic reaction with rash or swelling, call your doctor right away.
If you have difficulty breathing or swelling of the mouth, tongue, or throat, call or your local emergency medical services.
Because some COPD medications can affect your cardiovascular system, be sure to tell your doctor if you have an irregular heartbeat or cardiovascular problems. Steroids are among the medications commonly prescribed to people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD.
Get the facts on steroids for COPD…. Glucocorticoids are chemicals that can stop inflammation. Lung conditions like COPD can significantly reduce lung function and your ability to breathe comfortably. Read on to learn how to increase lung…. When you're living with COPD, environmental factors have a large impact on your quality of life. Here are the best — and worst — places in the U.
Should you feel okay bringing your oxygen tank into the movie theater? Can you tell a friend with COPD that you know he's sneaking cigarettes? This article examines the benefits of B-complex vitamins, as well as dosage and…. Medically reviewed by Alan Carter, Pharm.
Short-acting bronchodilators Corticosteroids Methylxanthines Long-acting bronchodilators Combination drugs Roflumilast Mucoactive drugs Vaccines Antibiotics Cancer medications Biologic drugs Takeaway Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD is a group of progressive lung diseases that make it difficult to breathe.
If you have COPD, you may have symptoms such as: trouble breathing cough wheezing tightness in your chest Smoking often causes COPD, but in some cases, breathing in toxins from the environment is the cause. Short-acting bronchodilators. Long-acting bronchodilators. Combination drugs. Mucoactive drugs. Cancer medications for COPD. Biologic drugs.
Talk with your doctor. Read this next. Steroids for COPD. Medically reviewed by Lindsay Slowiczek, Pharm. Medically reviewed by Zara Risoldi Cochrane, Pharm. Breathing Exercises to Increase Lung Capacity. Medically reviewed by Gerhard Whitworth, R. Medically reviewed by Daniel Murrell, M.
Although medications can serve a very important purpose, there is no medication that will stop a valve from leaking. Likewise, there's no medication that will open a valve that's too constricted. Still, there are times when the medication is determined to be the best course of action. This decision may be most appropriate for someone whose valve condition is very mild or for a person for whom surgery is not an option. If you valve disease progresses, surgical treatment may be necessary. Heart Valve Disease.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD is a group of progressive lung diseases that make it difficult to breathe. COPD can include emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Smoking often causes COPD, but in some cases, breathing in toxins from the environment is the cause. However, several medications can help reduce inflammation and open your airways to help you breathe easier with COPD. Bronchodilators help open your airways to make breathing easier. Your doctor may prescribe short-acting bronchodilators for an emergency situation or for quick relief as needed.
Animal health and welfare are essential for efficient beef and milk production and disease control is a vital component of a successful farming business. Treatment of disease is not as effective or as economical as prevention. Fig 1: Certain causes of abortion can be controlled by timely vaccination. Poor health status and subclinical disease can be a major cause of financial losses on many beef and dairy farms. The impact of many diseases can be avoided or minimised by reducing exposure to disease pathogens effective biosecurity and implementing effective vaccination programmes. Vaccination programmes should be designed for the individual farm and included in the herd health plan.
of common disease conditions in Tanzania. The medicine list is in line with the World Health. Organization (WHO) recommendations under Tanzania conditions.
This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables. This book is not an ordinary work on medicine, but occupies a field which has been largely neglected.
Он редко встречался со Стратмором с глазу на глаз, но когда такое случалось, это можно было сравнить с битвой титанов. Фонтейн был гигантом из гигантов, но Стратмора это как будто не касалось. Он отстаивал перед директором свои идеи со спокойствием невозмутимого боксера-профессионала. Даже президент Соединенных Штатов не решался бросать вызов Фонтейну, что не раз позволял себе Стратмор. Для этого нужен был политический иммунитет - или, как в случае Стратмора, политическая индифферентность. Сьюзан поднялась на верхнюю ступеньку лестницы. Она не успела постучать, как заверещал электронный дверной замок.
Последний щит начал рушиться. Техники сновали по комнате. Что-то подсказывало Сьюзан, что они близки к разгадке. - Мы можем это сделать! - сказала она, стараясь взять ситуацию под контроль.
Теперь можно возвращаться домой. Кольцо на пальце и есть тот Грааль, который он искал. Беккер поднял руку к свету и вгляделся в выгравированные на золоте знаки. Его взгляд не фокусировался, и он не мог прочитать надпись, но, похоже, она сделана по-английски.
Комната служила гордым напоминанием о тех временах: доспехи, гравюры на военные сюжеты и золотые слитки из Нового Света за стеклом. За конторкой с надписью КОНСЬЕРЖ сидел вежливый подтянутый мужчина, улыбающийся так приветливо, словно всю жизнь ждал минуты, когда сможет оказать любезность посетителю. - En que puedo servile, senor. Чем могу служить, сеньор? - Он говорил нарочито шепеляво, а глаза его внимательно осматривали лицо и фигуру Беккера. Беккер ответил по-испански: - Мне нужно поговорить с Мануэлем.
Оба поспешили уйти. Камера снова показала Танкадо, его руку, упавшую на бездыханную грудь. Кольца на пальце уже не .
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