File Name: social and cultural forms of modernity .zip
Drawing on the example of modernization theory in the postwar period, we discuss some common pitfalls in the ways in which culture and processes of cultural change are perceived and understood.
Modernity , the self-definition of a generation about its own technological innovation , governance, and socioeconomics. More specifically, modernity was associated with individual subjectivity, scientific explanation and rationalization, a decline in emphasis on religious worldviews, the emergence of bureaucracy , rapid urbanization , the rise of nation-states, and accelerated financial exchange and communication. There is little consensus as to when modernity began. Histories of Western Europe suggest that a modern era arrived at the end of colonial invasion and global expansion, which date to the 18th and early 19th centuries.
Cultural Theory and the Problem of Modernity pp Cite as. In earlier chapters I outlined the development of the concept of culture in Marxism and sociology, paying particular attention to the contributions of Gramsci and Weber with their critiques of reductionism and their emphasis on human action and purpose.
The discovery of culture as an autonomous realm of human values, action and structure corresponds closely with the emergence of an advanced industrial capitalism with powerful modernising forces that generated a fluid and pluralist social structure, new social classes and fractions of classes, new professions, new industries and services, and populations increasingly concentrated in burgeoning urban centres.
And it was during the second half of the nineteenth century that the arts, too, were modernised: art, literature, music as well as philosophy and psychology were transformed through the development of new modes of narrative and concepts of time for example, the stream of consciousness novel ; painting and music broke from the traditional mimetic forms to conceive a fleeting and fluid reality with no apparent centre impressionism in painting, Debussy, Schoenberg, Webern and Berg in music ; while the expressionist theatre of Strindberg and Wedekind abandoned all notions of a stable and unified self.
Definitions and Characteristics of Modernity Since the term "Modern" is used to describe a wide range of periods, any definition of modernity must account for the context in question. Modern can mean all of post-medieval European history, in the context of dividing history into three large epochs: Antiquity, Medieval, and Modern. Likewise, it is often used to describe the Euro-American culture that arises out of the Enlightenment and continues in some way into the present. The term "Modern" is also applied to the period beginning somewhere between and , through the present, and even more specifically to the period. One common use of the term, "Early Modern" is to describe the condition of Western History either since the mid's, or roughly the European discovery of moveable type and the printing press, or the early 's, the period associated with the rise of the Enlightenment project. These periods can be characterized by:.
These co-exist in the world today. It is stupid to divide things up into dichotomies or dualities, but it is sometimes useful as a heuristic device. Even though there is no such thing as a completely traditional or completely modern society at the present time, the collision between the two forms of organization has great significance for everyone alive today. The domination of Western ways and thought of all others, by military and economic force, may be a historical fact, but is not necessarily a permanent state of affairs. Traditional: Production for use or subsistence.
The first characteristic associated with modernism is nihilism, the rejection of all religious and moral principles as the only means of obtaining social progress. The reason that they did so was not necessarily because they did not believe in God, although there was a great majority of them who were atheists, or that they experienced great doubt about the meaninglessness of life. Rather, their rejection of conventional morality was based on its arbitrariness, its conformity and its exertion of control over human feelings.
Modernity , a topic in the humanities and social sciences, is both a historical period the modern era and the ensemble of particular socio-cultural norms , attitudes and practices that arose in the wake of the Renaissance —in the " Age of Reason " of 17th-century thought and the 18th-century " Enlightenment ". Some commentators consider the era of modernity to have ended by , with World War II in , or the s or s; the following era is called postmodernity.
Лицо мужчины из мертвенно-бледного стало красным. - Вы знаете Капельку Росы? - Вытерев пот со лба рукавом халата, он собирался что-то сказать, но тут отворилась дверь в ванную. Мужчины оглянулись. В дверях стояла Росио Ева Гранада. Это было впечатляющее зрелище.
Соши заливалась слезами. - Джабба, - спросил Фонтейн, - много они похитили. - Совсем мало, - сказал Джабба, посмотрев на монитор. - Всего лишь какие-то обрывки, в полном виде -. Фонтейн медленно кивнул и улыбнулся одними уголками губ. Он искал глазами Сьюзан Флетчер, но она уже стояла прямо перед экраном, на котором крупным планом было видно лицо Дэвида Беккера. - Дэвид.
- Я люблю. Я люблю. В этот момент в тридцати метрах от них, как бы отвергая мерзкие признания Стратмора, ТРАНСТЕКСТ издал дикий, душераздирающий вопль. Звук был совершенно новым - глубинным, зловещим, нарастающим, похожим на змею, выползающую из бездонной шахты. Похоже, фреон не достиг нижней части корпуса.
Паспорт этому человеку вернут только через несколько дней.
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