File Name: diversity and society race ethnicity and gender .zip
Ageism is discrimination and stereotyping based on age. Although people of all ages are susceptible to unfair practices and social policies that shape behaviors, people who are 65 years of age and older are most affected. In the U. It is not only difficult for older people to find or keep jobs, but seniors are often ignored and, if ill or fragile, subject to abuse and neglect. The social constructs of our patriarchal society have created inequality within the sexes.
Socially constructed gender roles give advantage to males, ensuring their needs and desires to be primary and providing them greater access to, and control over, societal resources, such as money, status, legal rights.
For example, in the U. The U. Globally, women often lack basic human rights: they do not have access to the economic, education, health, or political systems.
Diversity in religion has been an issue throughout the ages. Wars have been waged and people have been persecuted because of religious beliefs. Cultures are often founded on and shaped by religious doctrine.
While the world is filled with different systems of faith, each ideology is a philosophy concerned with the cause, purpose, and ethics of human existence. According to the United States Census Bureau, there are thousands of different belief systems practiced in the U. Because of the predominance of Christianity in the U. Sexual orientation is often confused with sexual preference.
While they both refer to a pattern of sexual attraction, preference indicates a choice, but orientation is an involuntary disposition toward heterosexuality, homosexuality, or bisexuality. To protect themselves from harassment and hate-motivated violence, LGBTQIA individuals often hide their sexual orientation, leading to dual lifestyles and often psychological trauma. Moreover, LGBTQIA adolescents and young adults are committing suicide at an alarmingly high rate due to the stress of maintaining a dual identity at a critical period of identity development, or as a result of severe and incessant bullying by those who do not like their sexual orientation.
Race is an expedient means by which people are grouped and identified based on geographic origins and physical attributes, such as skin color, hair texture, and facial shape. In fact, race is a purely social construct and does not have any biological significance. Inequalities within education, health care, employment, criminal justice, and politics are based on this racial hierarchy, which results in people at the bottom end of the hierarchy being the poorest, sickest, and most under-educated populations worldwide.
Of those in poverty, 9. In many cases physical or cultural traits such as, customary dress, dialect, and religious practices will separate a group of people into different ethnic groups. An ethnic distinction may cross national borders and is often identified as a minority group within a larger national context. Indigenous tribal people who reside within distinct nations are examples of ethnic groups: such as, Native American tribes, and the Aymaras who are the indigenous people of the Andes.
Some other examples include the Basque, who comprise a unique ethno-linguistic culture in Spain and France; or the Parsi, an ethno-religious group of the Indian subcontinent.
Social class is a hierarchical system predicated on economic status. Three general categories of lower, middle, and upper class are used in the United States.
While social mobility is possible with access to employment, education, and fair opportunities, the Center for American Progress and the United States Census Bureau indicate that today the lower and middle classes are becoming poorer while the upper class is smaller and growing more wealthy. Census Bureau has reported that nearly According to the U. As an umbrella term, disability includes impairments a problem in body function or structure , activity limitations a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action , and participation restrictions a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations.
The Americans with Disabilities Act not only prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities, but also ensures access and inclusion of people with disabilities in all public places and work environments, and provides a path to civic participation in society. Nationality is a membership that can include people of different races, religions, and cultures, such as U.
Around the world discrimination based on nationality ranges from unfair treatment to physical abuse, imprisonment, or even murder. Phone: Tools UW Office Email.
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Provides readings about different areas of social justice that include not only privilege and racism but sexism, ageism, and heterosexism, among many others. With full sections dedicated to racism, religious oppression, classism, ableism, youth and elder oppression, as well as an integrative section dedicated to sexism Professor Emerita at UMass Amherst, Maurianne Adams Ph. Buy, rent or sell. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Download Free PDF. Currently there are social issues worksheets that you can print and use in your own lessons. As this book's subtitle, Continuity and Change, implies, social problems are persistent, but they have also improved in the past and can be improved in the present and future, provided that our nation has the wisdom and will to address them.
). The section ends with an exploration of cultural resistance as Asian-American women construct their own images in response to ideo- logical racism (Espiritu).
Questions and Concepts. This chapter raises many of the questions and themes that will concern us throughout the text. The chapter begins by examining some contemporary issues and then presents brief biographies of six Americans. The latter are intended to give students personal references for some ideas and concepts; each of the six individuals represents some important features of contemporary group relations and I refer to them later.
Contemporary critical thinking has affirmed the centrality of the articulation between gender, class, race, ethnicity, sexuality, generations and other social categories to understand inequalities, oppression, violence and social experiences in general. In short, to figure out the dialectic of oppression and resistances. The starting point is the limit of seeking a comprehension about contemporary inequalities from a single social marker or matrix of difference.
The concept of diversity encompasses acceptance and respect. It means understanding that each individual is unique, and recognizing our individual differences. These can be along the dimensions of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical abilities, religious beliefs, political beliefs, or other ideologies. It is the exploration of these differences in a safe, positive, and nurturing environment. It is about understanding each other and moving beyond simple tolerance to embracing and celebrating the rich dimensions of diversity contained within each individual. Diversity is a reality created by individuals and groups from a broad spectrum of demographic and philosophical differences.
Diversity means different things to different people. A study of Spanish corporate managers explored perceptions of diversity and found that depending on who is answering, diversity usually means one of three things: demographic diversity our gender, race, sexual orientation, and so on , experiential diversity our affinities, hobbies, and abilities , and cognitive diversity how we approach problems and think about things. In a study of Spanish corporate managers, we explored perceptions of diversity and found that depending on who is answering, diversity usually means one of three things: demographic diversity our gender, race, sexual orientation, and so on , experiential diversity our affinities, hobbies, and abilities , and cognitive diversity how we approach problems and think about things. Experiential diversity is based on life experiences that shape our emotional universe. Affinity bonds us to people with whom we share some of our likes and dislikes, building emotional communities.
Based on the standard diversity definition, the types of diversity in a social context are theoretically infinite: they encompass every characteristic that appears with variations among a group of people such as hair or eye color.
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