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In other words, this topic has to do with an epistemic expository analysis of the Coherentistand the Foundationalisttheories of justification as it reflect the traditional theory or understanding of knowledge which has to do with justified true belief. In other words, the Coherentistsand the Foundationalistsboth uphold the possibility of knowledge on the ground true beliefs which can be justified.
But, divergence would only emerge among these two theories as to what epistemic criterionor criteria are we to make use of? Hence, for the Coherentism,for knowledge to be justified coherentively, the justified belief must have a necessary connection or a correlation with other inferential belief. Simply put, there is need to philosophically and epistemologically problematize the epistemic 1 Robert Audi, The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 2nd ed.
Moser and Arnold Vander Nat, ed. Or what do we mean by term Coherentism? Simply put, what is Foundationalism all about? In other words, what is epistemic justification? Even, what justifies justification? Or what is the evidence for justification? Whether the normal sceptics or the abnormal sceptics have failed to acknowledge and to understand the epistemic distinctions on their position; since, epistemology is all about the study or the explanation on the theories of knowledge.
Put simply, epistemology only study and explain the features, nature, sources, conditions, limitation, and justification of human knowledge. Moreover, what are the criteria of the study and the explanation in the guaranty of human knowledge or knowledge in general? Analytically, let us quickly take our next section- Epistemic Conceptual Analysis of our discussion in order to save our philosophical energy and to avoid unnecessary brain sweating, as it- the next section could also serve as a form of clarification prelude.
The Coherentist theory is all about epistemic coherentism. And its origination can be traced to idealists, including Brand Blanshard, Bernard Bosanquet, and Francis Bradley, the coherence theory has more recently been supported by empiricist minded contemporary philosophers such as Nicholas Rescher, WilfridSellars, Keith Lehrer, Laurence Bonjour, and Gilbert Harman.
The contemporary foundations theorist begins with the psychological observation that all knowledge comes to us through our senses. In principle, it is also possible to follow 7 Paul K. Moser and Arnold Vander Nat, op. Foundationalist theories of the 20th century note that our senses provide our only contact with the world around us. One of the major aims is to guaranty certitude on knowledge. Put simply, both theoretical aims and objectives: to rescue knowledge from the attack of the sceptics and to justify the possibility of knowledge or the possibility for human being to know something for certain.
For instance, I believe that, I We am to present this paper which is not a child play. Whether, the justification cohere with other belief s is not the case, rather the issues remain that, this paper has to presented either globally or to my philosophical colleagues. But, coherentism is more of rational exercise that depends on the use of logicality or critical thinking. And coherence theory of justification…seeks to explain the kind of justification appropriate to knowledge.
Can wethen say that, enough have been epistemologically rendered in the justification of knowledge or the possibility of human knowledge? If no, what isthen left undone? Philosophically, some person may likely re-problematize the foundation on the main epistemic issues or ISSUE of our discussion: such as: what justifies both theories- meaning the coherentist and foundationalist theories on the justification of knowledge?
They may put it simply, what 14 John l. Pollock and Joseph Cruz, op. And at that, any society or country that needs growth and development in all it ramification, do not underrate or underestimate the philosophers. Hence, there is also the need to see how both traditional theories- meaning the coherentist and foundationalist theories can complement and tolerate one another in terms of the justification of knowledge in order to do away with unnecessary epistemic regress arguments and to bring about harmonious correlationism since, there is none that is philosophically harmful to knowledge.
Even, the unnecessary epistemic regress arguments of a rival between the coherentist and foundationalist theories can be moderated in order not to be a source of sceptical strengthto the sceptics.
And this is why coherentism would moderately state that: …you can be epistemically justified in accepting an empirical proposition that is incompatible with, or at least improbable given, your total empirical evidence…your total empirical evidence includes non-belief sensory and perceptual awareness-states, such as your feeling pain or your seeming to see something. These are not belief-states. The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 2nd ed. Contemporary Theories of Knowledge, 2nd ed.
Related Papers. Coherence as a Test for Truth. By Robert Stern. Problem of Epistemological Foundationalism. By Jan Habl. Can Foundationalism Solve the Regress Problem. By Declan Smithies. Experience, Evidence, and Externalism.
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De Vos, editors. Text, Literature, and Aesthetics. In Honor ofMonroe C. Schriften zur Philosophie und ihrer Problemgeschichte. Adams, Marilyn McCord. William Ockham. Publications in Medieval Studies.
Achinstein, Peter, ed. The Concept of Evidence.
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