File Name: literary devices and their meaning .zip
Literary Devices Everything you need to know to analyze figurative language in poetry, drama, literature, speeches, etc. Now that we've gone over why you should spend some time learning literary devices, let's take a look at some of the most important literary elements to know. Davidson Literary Devices, Techniques, and Elements Repetition: Where a specific word, phrase, or structure is repeated several times, to emphasize a particular idea.
Usually a rhetoric device, an allegory suggests a meaning via metaphoric examples. Example: Faith is like a stony uphill climb: a single stumble might send you sprawling but belief and steadfastness will see you to the very top.
Alliteration Definition: Alliteration is a literary device where words are used in quick succession and begin with letters belonging to the same sound group. Whether it is the consonant sound or a specific vowel group, the alliteration involves creating a repetition of similar sounds in the sentence. Alliterations are also created when the words all begin with the same letter.
Example: The Wicked Witch of the West went her own way. Allusion Definition: An allusion is a figure of speech whereby the author refers to a subject matter such as a place, event, or literary work by way of a passing reference. It is up to the reader to make a connection to the subject being mentioned. In the example the author uses the mention of Mother Teresa to indicate the sort of qualities that Mary has.
Amplification Definition: Amplification refers to a literary practice wherein the writer embellishes the sentence by adding more information to it in order to increase its worth and understandability. When a plain sentence is too abrupt and fails to convey the full implications desired, amplification comes into play when the mwriter adds more to the structure to give it more meaning. Example: Original sentence- The thesis paper was difficult.
After amplification- The thesis paper was difficult: it required extensive research, data collection, sample surveys, interviews and a lot of fieldwork. Anagram Definition: Anagrams are an extremely popular form of literary device wherein the writer jumbles up parts of the word to create a new word. From the syllables of a phrase to the individual letters of a word, any fraction can be jumbled to create a new form.
Anagram is a form of wordplay that allows the writer to infuse mystery and a little interactive fun in the writing so that the reader can decipher the actual word on their own and discover a depth of meaning to the writing. Example: An anagram for "debit card" is "bad credit". As you can see, both phrases use the same letters. By mixing the letters a bit of humor is created.
Analogy Definition: An analogy is a literary device that helps to establish a relationship based on similarities between two concepts or ideas. With a mental linkage between the two, one can create comprehension regarding the new concept in a simple and succinct manner. Example: In the same way as one cannot have the rainbow without the rain, one cannot achieve success and riches without hard work. Anastrophe Definition: Anastrophe is a form of literary device wherein the order of the noun and the adjective in the sentence is exchanged.
In standard parlance and writing the adjective comes before the noun but when one is employing an anastrophe the noun is followed by the adjective. This reversed order creates a dramatic impact and lends weight to the description offered by the adjective. Example: He spoke of times past and future, and dreamt of things to be. Anthropomorphism Definition: Anthropomorphism can be understood to be the act of lending a human quality, emotion or ambition to a non-human object or being.
This act of lending a human element to a non-human subject is often employed in order to endear the latter to the readers or audience and increase the level of relativity between the two while also lending character to the subject.
Example: The raging storm brought with it howling winds and fierce lightning as the residents of the village looked up at the angry skies in alarm. Antithesis Definition: An antithesis is used when the writer employs two sentences of contrasting meanings in close proximity to one another. Whether they are words or phrases of the same sentence, an antithesis is used to create a stark contrast using two divergent elements that come together to create one uniform whole.
An antithesis plays on the complementary property of opposites to create one vivid picture. The purpose of using an antithesis in literature is to create a balance between opposite qualities and lend a greater insight into the subject. Example: When Neil Armstrong walked on the moon it might have been one small step for a man but it was one giant leap for mankind. Aphorism Definition: An aphorism is a concise statement that is made in a matter of fact tone to state a principle or an opinion that is generally understood to be a universal truth.
Aphorisms are often adages, wise sayings and maxims aimed at imparting sense and wisdom. It is to be noted that aphorisms are usually witty and curt and often have an underlying tone of authority to them. Archetype Definition: An archetype is a reference to a concept, a person or an object that has served as a prototype of its kind and is the original idea that has come to be used over and over again. Archetypes are literary devices that employ the use of a famous concept, person or object to convey a wealth of meaning.
Archetypes are immediately identifiable and even though they run the risk of being overused, they are still the best examples of their kind. Example: 3 Romeo and Juliet are an archetype of eternal love and a star-crossed love story. Assonance Definition: Assonance refers to repetition of sounds produced by vowels within a sentence or phrase.
In this regard assonance can be understood to be a kind of alliteration. What sets it apart from alliterations is that it is the repetition of only vowel sounds. Assonance is the opposite of consonance, which implies repetitive usage of consonant sounds. Asyndeton Definition: Asyndeton refers to a practice in literature whereby the author purposely leaves out conjunctions in the sentence, while maintaining the grammatical accuracy of the phrase.
Asyndeton as a literary tool helps in shortening up the implied meaning of the entire phrase and presenting it in a succinct form. This compact version helps in creating an immediate impact whereby the reader is instantly attuned to what the writer is trying to convey. Use of this literary device helps in creating a strong impact and such sentences have greater recall worth since the idea is presented in a nutshell.
Example: 1. Read, Write, Learn. Watch, Absorb, And Understand. Reduce, Reuse, And Recycle. Authorial Intrusion Definition: Authorial Intrusion is an interesting literary device wherein the author penning the story, poem or prose steps away from the text and speaks out to the reader.
This technique was often used to reveal some crucial elements of the story to the reader even though the protagonist might remain mystified within the story for the time being. Bibliomancy Definition: As the very name itself suggests, this kind of literary device finds its roots in biblical origins. This term refers to the practice of basing a plot happening or event and anticipating the results it will have on a faction of the Bible.
It involves a random selection process wherein the biblical passage is chosen as a founding stone for basing the outcome of the writing. In an overall context, not limited to just literature, bibliomancy refers to foretelling the future by turning to random portions of the Bible for guidance.
Bildungsroman Definition: This is a very popular form of storytelling whereby the author bases the plot on the overall growth of the central character throughout the timeline of the story.
It has often been seen that the protagonist begins with views, aims and dreams that are in contrast to the other characters in the story and then fights his or her way through to achieve them.
Cacophony Definition: A cacophony in literature refers to the use of words and phrases that imply strong, unpleasant sounds within the phrase. These words signify jarring and dissonant sounds that create a disturbing, objectionable atmosphere. Example: His fingers rapped and pounded the door, and his foot thumped against the yellowing wood.
Caesura Definition: This literary device involves creating a fracture of sorts within a sentence where the two separate parts are distinguishable from one another yet intrinsically linked to one another. The purpose of using a caesura is to create a dramatic pause, which has a strong impact. The pause helps to add an emotional, often theatrical touch to the sentence and conveys a depth of sentiment in a short phrase.
Characterization Definition: Characterization in literature refers to a step-by-step process wherein a character of a story is brought to notice and then detailed upon in front of the reader. Characterization is a sort of initiation wherein the reader is introduced to the character. The initial step is to introduce the character with a marked emergence.
After the arrival his behavior is discussed. This is followed by an insight into his thought-process. Then comes the part where the character voices his opinions or converses with others in the story. A man who walked the knife's edge to preserve his sanity.
Chiasmus Definition: A chiasmus is a literary tool where a rhetoric figure of speech is utilized. The second fraction is arranged in a syntactically tuned form with respect to the first. Circumlocution Definition: Circumlocution is a form of writing where the writer uses exaggeratedly long and complex sentences in order to convey a meaning that could have otherwise been conveyed through a shorter, much simpler sentence. Circumlocution involves stating an idea or a view in an indirect manner that leaves the reader guessing and grasping at the actual meaning.
The conflict is a discord that can have external aggressors or can even arise from within the self. Connotation Definition: Connotation is a complex literary device wherein the intended meaning is not stated clearly and is instead conveyed through covert, indirect means. Connotations leave a little o the meaning unstated so that the reader can decode it for himself. Consonance Definition: Consonance refers to repetition of sounds produced by consonants within a sentence or phrase.
In this regard consonance can be understood to be a kind of alliteration. What sets it apart from alliterations is that it is the repetition of only consonant sounds. Consonance is the opposite of assonance, which implies repetitive usage of vowel sounds. Denotation Definition: Denotation refers to expressing a meaning or the significance of a part of a story in a straightforward, clear- cut manner.
There is no roundabout, covert manner employed and hence denotation is the opposite of connotation. Deus ex Machina Definition: Deus ex Machina is a rather debatable and often criticized form of literary device.
An acrostic is a piece of writing in which a particular set of letters—typically the first letter of each line, word, or paragraph—spells out a word or phrase with special significance to the text. An allegory is a work that conveys a hidden meaning—usually moral, spiritual, or political—through the use of symbolic characters and events. The story of "The Tortoise and The Hare" is a well-known allegory with a In literature, an allusion is an unexplained reference to someone or something outside of the text. Writers commonly allude to other literary works, famous individuals, historical events, or philosophical ideas, and they do so in Writers commonly allude to An anachronism is a person or a thing placed in the wrong time period.
Preinstructional Planning. During Instruction. Books for Teaching about Poetry. Introduce students to poetry with this lesson plan that requires them to identify six poetic devices in poems and music lyrics. Create a List. List Name Save.
Commonly, the term Literary Devices refers to the typical structures used by writers in their works to convey his or her message s in a simple manner to his or her readers. When employed properly, the different literary devices help readers to appreciate, interpret and analyze a literary work. Literary Devices have two aspects. They can be treated as either Literary Elements or Literary Techniques. It will be convenient to define them separately. Literary Elements have an inherent existence in literary piece and are extensively employed by writers to develop a literary piece e.
The context question is … The test items most frequently used are the context question and the critical essay. A comparison without the words like or as Metaphor. Contains a very detailed list of literary and rhetorical terms with definitions.
Тревор Стратмор заключил в своей жизни достаточно сделок, когда на кону были высочайшие ставки, чтобы понимать: Хейл взвинчен и крайне опасен. Молодой криптограф загнал себя в угол, а от противника, загнанного в угол, можно ожидать чего угодно: он действует отчаянно и непредсказуемо. Стратмор знал, что его следующий шаг имеет решающее значение.
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