File Name: pulmonary diseases and disorders .zip
This section concerns all aspects of pulmonary infection, rare and idiopathic lung diseases including, but not limited to: prevention, diagnosis and management, as well as related molecular genetics, and pathophysiology.
Check out our interactive infographic to see progress toward the Respiratory Diseases objectives and other Healthy People topic areas. Promote respiratory health through better prevention, detection, treatment, and education efforts. Asthma 1 and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD 2 are significant public health burdens. Specific methods of detection, intervention, and treatment exist that may reduce this burden and promote health. Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways characterized by episodes of reversible breathing problems due to airway narrowing and obstruction.
These episodes can range in severity from mild to life threatening. Symptoms of asthma include wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath.
Daily preventive treatment can prevent symptoms and attacks and enable individuals who have asthma to lead active lives.
COPD is a preventable and treatable disease characterized by airflow limitation that is not fully reversible. The airflow limitation is usually progressive and associated with an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases typically from exposure to cigarette smoke.
Several additional respiratory conditions and respiratory hazards, including infectious agents and occupational and environmental exposures, are covered in other areas of Healthy People Examples include tuberculosis, lung cancer, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS , pneumonia, occupational lung disease, and smoking.
Sleep Health is now a separate topic area of Healthy People Approximately Because of the cost to the health care system, the burden of respiratory diseases also falls on society; it is paid for with tax dollars, higher health insurance rates, and lost productivity. The prevalence of asthma has increased since However, deaths from asthma have decreased since the mids. The causes of asthma are an active area of research and involve both genetic and environmental factors.
Asthma affects people of every race, sex, and age. However, significant disparities in asthma morbidity and mortality exist, particularly for low-income and minority populations. Populations with higher rates of asthma include:. While there is currently no cure for asthma, there are diagnoses and treatment guidelines that are aimed at ensuring that all people with asthma live full and active lives. In , approximately , individuals died from COPD, and almost as many died from lung cancer approximately , in the same year.
Other environmental exposures such as those in the workplace may also cause COPD. Genetic factors strongly influence the development of the disease. For example, not all smokers develop COPD.
Women and men are affected equally, yet more women than men have died of COPD since There are other important respiratory diseases not included in this topic area, including idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, sarcoidosis, respiratory distress syndromes, and upper airway conditions such as rhinitis and chronic sinusitis. In some cases, effective preventive interventions do not exist. It is hoped that, as preventive interventions and surveillance for respiratory hazards and diseases continue to improve, future versions of Healthy People will include measurable goals for at least some of these additional respiratory hazards and diseases.
National surveillance of asthma: United States, Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma EPR-3 [Internet]. Global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary lung disease [Internet] Updated Global initiative for chronic obstructive lung disease.
Summary health statistics for U. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 10 Morbidity and mortality: chart book on cardiovascular, lung and blood diseases. National asthma education and prevention program expert panel report 3 EPR3 : Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma. Compressed mortality file — Atlanta: CDC; [cited Aug 12]. Skip to main content. Google Tag Manager. Visit coronavirus. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.
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CDC - Asthma. Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma. Find us on:. Enter your email for updates:. A Federal Government Web site managed by the U.
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a group of lung diseases that make it hard to breathe and get worse over time. Normally, the airways and air sacs in your lungs are elastic or stretchy. When you breathe in, the airways bring air to the air sacs. The air sacs fill up with air, like a small balloon. When you breathe out, the air sacs deflate, and the air goes out. If you have COPD, less air flows in and out of your airways because of one or more problems:. Most people with COPD have both emphysema and chronic bronchitis, but how severe each type is can be different from person to person.
Fishman's Pulmonary Diseases and Disorders, 5e. Michael A. Grippi, Jack A. Elias, Jay A. Fishman, Robert M. Kotloff, Allan I. Pack, Robert M. Senior, Mark D.
Respiratory diseases , or lung diseases ,  are pathological conditions affecting the organs and tissues that make gas exchange difficult in air-breathing animals. They include conditions of the respiratory tract including the trachea , bronchi , bronchioles , alveoli , pleurae , pleural cavity , and the nerves and muscles of respiration. Respiratory diseases range from mild and self-limiting, such as the common cold , influenza , and pharyngitis to life-threatening diseases such as bacterial pneumonia , pulmonary embolism , tuberculosis , acute asthma , lung cancer ,  and severe acute respiratory syndromes , such as COVID
Respiratory disease , any of the diseases and disorders of the airways and the lungs that affect human respiration. Diseases of the respiratory system may affect any of the structures and organs that have to do with breathing , including the nasal cavities, the pharynx or throat , the larynx , the trachea or windpipe , the bronchi and bronchioles, the tissues of the lungs , and the respiratory muscles of the chest cage. This article discusses the signs and symptoms of respiratory disease , the natural defenses of the human respiratory system, the methods of detecting respiratory disease, and the different diseases of the respiratory system. For more information about the anatomy of the human respiratory system and the process of respiration, see human respiratory system. The symptoms of lung disease are relatively few.
Kathleen M. Pulmonary disease prevalence increases with age and contributes to morbidity and mortality in older patients. Dyspnea in older patients is often ascribed to multiple etiologies such as medical comorbidities and deconditioning. Common pulmonary disorders are frequently overlooked as contributors to dyspnea in older patients.
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