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Journalism Terms And Definitions Pdf

journalism terms and definitions pdf

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On his retirement from office he returned to journalism and business. After all she had been through, journalism looked less attractive. In London Benjamin was able to earn a little money by journalism , and on the 13th of January he entered Lincoln's Inn.

This page is intended to be a glossary of old and new media terms of relevance to the practice of journalism. To edit or add glossary entries on this page, please click here or email your suggestions or questions to john at journalism. Wherever possible when adding or editing items please include links to relevant sites.

Journalism and publishing terms - jargon buster

This page is intended to be a glossary of old and new media terms of relevance to the practice of journalism. To edit or add glossary entries on this page, please click here or email your suggestions or questions to john at journalism. Wherever possible when adding or editing items please include links to relevant sites. Your edits may take up to two hours before they appear live on this page. The top half of the page, above the fold, is held to be the most important real estate in the paper.

Advertisers usually sell space based on the exposure per thousand impressions. Also means to raise the priority of a story or an upfront payment for written work, particularly long articles or text.

One of the first big uses of AJAX was Gmail, which allowed it to be much more responsive than other web e-mail at the time. In the context of search, algorithms are used to provide the most relevant results first based on those instructions. It is a rival of the iPhone platform. In contrast to Apple's tightly controlled architecture and App Store, Android allows users to install apps from the Android Market and from other channels, such as directly from a developer's website — which allows for X-rated content, for example.

Expect to see competitors to the iPad running a version of Android. This is sometimes known as the peg. Many mobile phones allow apps to be downloaded, leading to a burgeoning economy for modestly priced software.

Can also refer to a program or tool that can be used within a website. Apps generally are built using software toolkits provided by the underlying service, whether it is iPhone or Facebook. A method most usually employed by the public relations and advertising industry and political groups. The AOP represents the interests of publishing companies. Sometimes shortened to BG. Typically around by 60 pixels in size.

Sometimes called a web banner. Blogs commonly allow comments below entries and are published in reverse chronological order. Also known as a weblog. Breaking news is conventionally greeted by profane expressions on the news desk, city desk, or copy desk. The Baltimore Sun continues to produce a bulldog edition of the Sunday paper that appears Saturday morning.

Look at your Monday paper. Sometimes called a cutline. One file that defines the style for a whole site. Also known as forums and message boards. Other terms include participatory journalism and networked journalism though it should not be confused with civic journalism, which is practiced by professional journalists.

It is often used as a contrast to "citizen journalism" because it also encompasses mapping, wikis and databases. Sometimes called small ads. Advantages of doing so include speed and bandwidth. An example is Javascript, a programming language that allows developers to build interactivity into websites.

The work is done within the browser, rather than at the hosting website. Cloud computing is appealing because companies can reduce the amount they spend on their own computer servers and software but can also quickly and easily expand as the company grows. Examples of cloud computing applications include Google Docs and Yahoo Mail. Amazon offers two cloud computing services: EC2, which many start-ups now use as a cheap way to launch their products, and S3, an online storage system many companies use for cheap storage.

It is generally synonymous with online publishing system. The material can include documents, photos or videos. While the first generation of content management systems were custom and proprietary, in recent years there has been a surge in free open-source systems such as Drupal, WordPress and Joomla. Content management systems are sometimes built custom from scratch with frameworks such as Ruby on Rails or Django.

Increasingly supplanted by electronic transmission of pages directly to a printing plant, where the pages emerge as metal plates to go on the printing press. The next time you visit, the site can use the file to remember details such as your login information. Always discouraged!

Extinction imminent. This is the "gold standard" for advertisers because it most directly matches the cost of an ad to its effectiveness. However, it's not commonly used since it's extremely difficult to measure: it is often unclear when or how to attribute an action to a specific ad. Also sometimes referred to as Cost Per Acquisition.

This is a common model for "search advertising" the all-text ads associated with search results and for text ads in general. CPC is well-suited for "directed" advertising, intended to prompt an immediate response, because a user's clicking on an ad shows engagement with it.

This is the cost an advertiser pays for 1, page views. The least restrictive of the licenses is Attribution, which grants anyone, from an individual to a large company, the right to distribute, display, or otherwise make use of the work so long as the creator is credited. First released in December by the nonprofit Creative Commons organization, which was inspired by the open source GNU GPL license, the licenses are now used on an estimated million works worldwide.

Typically used in interviews. If you watch a web page that loads slowly, you will often see the text first load and then "snap into place" with its look and feel. That look and feel is controlled by the CSS. CSV is popular precisely because it can be easily read by many different applications, including spreadsheets, word processors, programming text editors and web browsers. Thus it is a common way for people, including governments, to make their data available.

Each row of data is represented by a line of text. To prevent confusion about commas in the data, the terms are often surrounded by double quotes ".

Many applications support the use of alternative column delimiters the pipe character, , is popular. Also known as a rookie or junior reporter.

Also known as clips and sometimes presented as a portfolio. An online journalist. This can be used for subjects as diverse as an analysis of a speech by the prime minister and the popularity of baby names over time. While it has deep roots in academia, data visualization has begun to emerge on content sites as a way to handle the masses of data that are being made public, often by government.

Also known as deck copy or bank. Allows exciting things to happen when you move your mouse over words. It is written in Python, a sophisticated dynamic language. Major projects built in Django include Disqus, Everyblock. News applications teams, including those at the Chicago Tribune and Los Angeles Times, use the framework to present large data sets online in easily accessible ways.

In contrast to relational databases, which rigidly require information to be stored in pre-defined tables, document-oriented databases are more free-flowing and flexible. This is important when you don't know what is going to be thrown at you. Document-oriented databases retrieve information more quickly, but store it less efficiently.

The same document-oriented database might let you store the information for an article headline, byline, data, content, miscellaneous or for a photo file, photographer, date, cutline. Refers to journalist Maureen Dowd. Drupal is very powerful, but it is somewhat difficult to use for simple tasks when compared to WordPress. Drupal provides options to create a static website, a multi-user blog, an Internet forum or a community website for user-generated content.

Users can host their applications on EC2 and pay depending on usage. EC2 is an example of cloud computing. This is a common way for video content to be spread around the Internet and is increasingly being used for interactive components. Refers to journalist Robert Fisk. The language used, ActionScript, is owned by Adobe; this contrasts with many other popular programming languages that are open source.

Creators must use Adobe's Creative Suite products and web surfers must install a Flash plug-in for their browser. Many claim that Flash players are unstable and inefficient, slowing down web pages and crashing operating systems. Apple has not allowed Adobe to create a Flash player for the iPhone operating system, which has created a feud between the two companies. HTML5 is emerging as an open alternative to Flash. Launched in at SXSW Interactive conference, Foursquare allows users to "check in" at locations bars, restaurants, playgrounds and more to inform people in their social networks of their whereabouts while earning badges, collecting points and becoming the "mayor" of certain locations.

Despite a relatively modest user base at the beginning, Foursquare quickly attracted a lot of attention for its potential for marketing and customer brand loyalty. For instance, Web development frameworks like Ruby on Rails written in Ruby, meaning programmers use Ruby to do the "fill in the blanks" tasks and Django written in Python , have easy-to-use, built-in support for common web development tasks, such as reading and writing to a database, writing content in html, and so forth.

A method of moving files, usually used to transfer files from your computer to a web server. Commonly used on photo sites such as Flickr or in conjunction with user-generated content, to show where a photo, video or article came from. There has been some discussion of its increasing relevance with geographically connected social networking sites, such as Foursquare. Twitter has implemented geotagging, and Facebook has announced plans to do so.

A page of 20 images, text boxes, logos and menus will count as 20 hits, so hits are therefore not regarded as a reliable measurement of web traffic.

Often a promotional ad for the publication. Basic programming code used for the design and display of web pages. It is gaining in popularity compared to proprietary standards, like Adobe Flash, because it is an open standard and does not require third-party plugins.


Far from being recent acquaintances, mass journalism and high technology have long been inseparable companions. Later advances such as cameras, telegraphs and telephones — to say nothing of computers large and small — only deepened the relationship between the press and technology. But for all its plain-to-see advantages, the technology behind journalism is often anything but simple. CPAs, meanwhile, do crunch numbers, but not the kind you would learn about in an accounting class. The glossary is below, with a few additions and edits.

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What is journalism?

Journalism, like any profession, has its own language and specialist words which practitioners need to know. The following glossary contains more than definitions of terms about journalism and the media - including new media - making it probably the biggest, most extensive journalism and media glossary available free online. Spelling and punctuation of terms occasionally vary.

The act or process mainly done by the journalist is called journalism. Journalism can be in form of Broadcast, print, advertisers and public relations personnel, and, depending with the form of journalism the term journalist may include various categories of individuals as per the roles they play in the process. This includes, Reporters , Correspondents , Citizen Journalist , editors , editorial-writers , columnists , and visual journalists, such as photojournalists journalists who use the medium of photography. A reporter is a type of journalist who researches , writes and reports on information in order to present using sources.

 М-м… сто десять фунтов, - сказала Соши. - Сто десять? - оживился Джабба.  - Сколько будет сто десять минус тридцать пять и две десятых. - Семьдесят четыре и восемь десятых, - сказала Сьюзан.  - Но я не думаю… - С дороги! - закричал Джабба, рванувшись к клавиатуре монитора.

Кокетка до мозга костей, трижды разведенная, Мидж двигалась по шестикомнатным директорским апартаментам с вызывающей самоуверенностью. Она отличалась острым умом, хорошей интуицией, частенько засиживалась допоздна и, как говорили, знала о внутренних делах АНБ куда больше самого Господа Бога. Черт возьми, - подумал Бринкерхофф, разглядывая ее серое кашемировое платье, - или я старею, или она молодеет.

 Расскажите, как он погиб, - нетерпеливо сказал Фонтейн. Смит сообщил: - Мы вели наблюдение из мини-автобуса с расстояния метров в пятьдесят. Вначале все шло гладко. Халохот, по всей видимости, настоящий профессионал. Но потом появилась группа людей, и Халохот не смог завладеть искомым предметом.

 Дэвид! - воскликнула она, еле держась на ногах.  - О, Дэвид… как они могли… Фонтейн растерялся: - Вы знаете этого человека. Сьюзан застыла в полутора метрах от экрана, ошеломленная увиденным, и все называла имя человека, которого любила.

Когда Халохот поднимался по лестнице, Беккер, спустившись на три пролета, вылез через один из проемов и повис на руках. Сделал он это как раз вовремя - убийца промчался мимо в ту же секунду. Он так торопился, что не заметил побелевших костяшек пальцев, вцепившихся в оконный выступ. Свисая из окна, Беккер благодарил Бога за ежедневные занятия теннисом и двадцатиминутные упражнения на аппарате Наутилус, подготовившие его мускулатуру к запредельным нагрузкам.

В Третий узел заглянул Стратмор. - Какие-нибудь новости, Сьюзан? - спросил Стратмор и тут же замолчал, увидав Грега Хейла.  - Добрый вечер, мистер Хейл.  - Он нахмурился, глаза его сузились.


  1. Bonifaci R.

    20.04.2021 at 20:27

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  2. Zoilo O.

    25.04.2021 at 21:01

    At the end of this lesson, you will know how to use essential vocabulary for talking about the Media and Journalism in general.

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