File Name: pharmacology terms and definitions .zip
Quickly summoning an intern to help him, Darlinski managed to turn the Pnathian on its side and, taking an antiseptic wipe, began cleaning its head off. In a few moments the breathing became normal again, and, instructing the intern to keep a watchful eye on the patient, he took a sample of the substance up to Pathology. It seems that the same mouth, or orifice, does double duty: it both ingests the food and excretes it. Pharmaceutical Drug Manufacturers An exposition of everything thats Pharmaceutical industry.
Get the latest information from CDC coronavirus. Addiction: A chronic, relapsing disorder characterized by compulsive or difficult to control drug seeking and use despite harmful consequences, as well as long-lasting changes in the brain. Agonist: A chemical substance that binds to and activates certain receptors on cells, causing a biological response. Oxycodone, morphine, heroin, fentanyl, methadone, and endorphins are all examples of opioid receptor agonists. Amphetamine: A stimulant drug that acts on the central nervous system CNS.
Definitions are important in any scientific field to ensure that everyone is talking about exactly the same thing. On this page, we offer definitions of the major concepts and terms used in pharmacovigilance, many of which you will find in context on this website. Definitions evolve over time and this list reflects changes that have been happening and are in progress. Many terms are used variously across the world, and some are used loosely or even inaccurately; old terms linger on when new thinking has superseded them. We hope you will find this is a useful and sensible guide for the time being; we will value your contributions to refine and update the content.
Pharmacy technicians work beneath certified pharmacists and assist with the various activities of compounding, distributing and dispensing of medications. Pharmacy technicians are trained to measure, mix, count out, label, and record amounts and dosages of medications according to prescription orders. Absorption rate — The time it takes a drug to enter the bloodstream after it is administered. AC — prescription — Before a meal. Acute — A condition with a fast onset time, severe effect, and short course of duration.
Pharmacology Glossary. AAA return to top Anaphylaxis: serious and rapid allergic reaction usually involving more than one part of the body which, if severe enough, can be fatal. Usually associated with bee or wasp stings but is more common with food or drug allergies. Treatment: Epinephrine im is the drug of choice. Autonomic nervous system: innervation of smooth muscle, glands and visceral organs, which are not normally under voluntary control.
Pharmacodynamics PD is the study of the biochemical and physiologic effects of drugs especially pharmaceutical drugs. The effects can include those manifested within animals including humans , microorganisms , or combinations of organisms for example, infection. Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics are the main branches of pharmacology , being itself a topic of biology interested in the study of the interactions between both endogenous and exogenous chemical substances with living organisms. In particular, pharmacodynamics is the study of how a drug affects an organism, whereas pharmacokinetics is the study of how the organism affects the drug. Both together influence dosing , benefit, and adverse effects. Pharmacodynamics places particular emphasis on dose—response relationships , that is, the relationships between drug concentration and effect. This equation represents a simplified model of reaction dynamics that can be studied mathematically through tools such as free energy maps.
This section combines the most common terms in pharmacology, serving as a convenient repository of pharmacology terms to aid future study. Our Pharmacy Blog. General Pharmacology Study Tips and Tricks. ADH antidiuretic hormone Polypeptide substance synthesized by the hypothalamus and released from the posterior pituitary gland that regulates water balance in the body by altering urine volume at the collecting ducts. ADT Alternate-day therapy.
Home GMP. Ankur Choudhary Print Question Forum 1 comment. This term can also be applied to validation. The term includes those components that may undergo chemical change in the manufacture of the drug product and be present in the drug product in a modified form intended to furnish the specified activity or effect. Such substances are intended to furnish pharmacological activity or other direct effect in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease, or to affect the structure and function of the body of humans or other animals. The manufacturing company must continue to submit periodic reports to the regulatory authority, including any cases of adverse reactions and appropriate quality control records.
caused by agonist and antagonist acting at two independent sites and inducing independent, but opposite effects. Pharmacological: caused by action of the.
According to Bates et al, the term ADE, defined as an injury resulting from medical intervention related to a drug, is preferred since it is more comprehensive and clinically significant than the ADR. JAMA ; See also pharmacovigilance, post-marketing surveillance. The reader is cautioned regarding usage of drug reaction terms as multiple nearly- similar terms of varying granularity abound. However, WHO's original definition of ADR excluded therapeutic failures, intentional and accidental poisoning and drug abuse, as well as adverse events due to medication errors such as drug administration or non- compliance Due to non- uniform usage of these terms, it is sometimes difficult to compare various studies and derive incidence rates, etc.
Copyright by Trustees of Boston University. All rights reserved. Edward W. Pelikan, M. Questions or comments should be mailed to Carol Walsh, Ph. Please report any faulty links on the Contact Us page.
A drug is a chemical agent which can affect living processes. For purposes of this course we will mainly be talking about small molecules which affect cellular processes.
Seems to sometimes include full articles.
The two major branches of pharmacology are: pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. Pharmacodynamics - The study of the relationship between concentrations of drug and the biologic effects physiological or biochemical with time.
Нам придется ее отложить. - Что-о? - Сьюзан окончательно проснулась. - Прости.
Собор был уже совсем рядом, он это чувствовал.
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *