File Name: neural mechanisms supporting the relationship between dispositional mindfulness and pain.zip
Advances in Emotion Regulation: from neuroscience to psychotherapy View all 14 Articles. There is increasing interest in the beneficial clinical effects of mindfulness-based interventions MBIs.
Mindfulness is frequently associated with improved attention. However, the nature of the relationship between mindfulness and executive attention, a core function of the attentional system, is surprisingly unclear. Studies employing behavioral measures of executive attention have been equivocal. Although neuroscientific studies have yielded more consistent findings, reporting functional and structural changes in executive attention brain regions, the observed changes in brain activity have not been linked to behavioral performance. The current study aimed to fill these gaps in the literature by examining the extent to which trait mindfulness related to behavioral and neurophysiological indexed by the stimulus-locked P3 measures of executive attention.
Mindfulness is the practice of purposely bringing one's attention in the present moment without judgment,   [note 1]   a skill one develops through meditation or other training. Davidson ,    and Sam Harris. Clinical psychology and psychiatry since the s have developed a number of therapeutic applications based on mindfulness for helping people experiencing a variety of psychological conditions. Clinical studies have documented both physical- and mental-health benefits of mindfulness in different patient categories as well as in healthy adults and children. There is also evidence that suggests engaging in mindfulness meditation may influence physical health. For example, the psychological habit of repeatedly dwelling on stressful thoughts appears to intensify the physiological effects of the stressor as a result of the continual activation of the sympathetic nervous system and the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis with the potential to lead to physical health related clinical manifestations.
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Opioid analgesics are frequently used to treat CP. However, long term use of opioids can cause brain changes such as opioid-induced hyperalgesia that, over time, increase pain sensation. Also, opioids fail to treat complex psychological factors that worsen pain-related disability, including beliefs about and emotional responses to pain. However, CBT generally does not focus on important factors needed for long-term functional improvement, including attainment of personal goals and the psychological flexibility to choose responses to pain. However, little is known about the neurologic mechanisms underlying ACT.
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Zeidan and T. Salomons and S. Farris and Nichole M. Jung and R.
Pain Reports. Mind and Language The Journal of Pain S 18
A number of studies in cognitive psychology and neuroscience have shown the effects of mindfulness and meditation training in enhancing cognitive functions assessed by a broad range of tasks implicating measures of response accuracy, response time, and associated electrophysiological and neuroimaging patterns for reviews, see Cahn and Polich ; Chiesa et al. The set of cognitive functions found to be enhanced by mindfulness and meditation training includes centrally attentional processes Malinowski , such as attentional control, orienting, and alertness. Sustained attention tasks have also been used for cognitive performance assessment associated to mindfulness training Jha et al. Other tasks deal with the selective temporal deployment of attention through phenomena like attentional blink Slagter et al.
Neural mechanisms supporting the relationship between dispositional mindfulness and pain. Fadel Zeidana,*, Tim Salomonsb, Suzan R. Farrisa, Nichole M.
The present study aims to investigate how dispositional mindfulness affects the mental well-being of cancer patients through the way they perceive stress. Results showed that perceived stress significantly mediated the relationship between dispositional mindfulness and all dimensions of the mental well-being as captured by the GHQ i. Further analyses showed that dispositional mindfulness predicted all the dimensions of psychological well-being.
Сьюзан еще раз прочитала адрес на клочке бумаги и ввела информацию в соответствующее поле, посмеялась про себя, вспомнив о трудностях, с которыми столкнулся Стратмор, пытаясь самолично запустить Следопыта. Скорее всего он проделал это дважды и каждый раз получал адрес Танкадо, а не Северной Дакоты. Элементарная ошибка, подумала Сьюзан, Стратмор, по-видимому, поменял местами поля информации, и Следопыт искал учетные данные совсем не того пользователя.
Отчет безукоризненный. - Выходит, по-твоему, Стратмор лжет. - Не в этом дело, - дипломатично ответила Мидж, понимая, что ступает на зыбкую почву. - Еще не было случая, чтобы в моих данных появлялись ошибки.
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