File Name: model maritime interception operations ncw and the value of information .zip
The agency is also equipped to undertake risk analyses, research, training, and emergency response operations to facilitate the integration of border management by EU Member States. Its activities were responsible for and contributed to systematic pushbacks of migrants in the Canary Islands and in the Mediterranean Sea as well as on the Greek and Bulgarian border. These activities violated human rights because Frontex failed to identify asylum seekers and thus returned migrants to situations where they could face persecution on the grounds of the Refugee Convention. The pushback operations contributed to migrants taking even more dangerous routes across the sea and thus impacted the rise of deaths at sea.
The Chief of Naval Staff , a four-star admiral , commands the navy. The Indian Navy traces its origins back to the East India Company's Marine which was founded in to protect British merchant shipping in the region. In , the British East India Company established its rule over eastern part of the Indian subcontinent i.
Bengal, but it was not until that the colonial navy was titled as His Majesty's Indian Navy. When India became a republic in , the Royal Indian Navy as it had been named since was renamed to Indian Navy. The primary objective of the navy is to safeguard the nation's maritime borders, and in conjunction with other Armed Forces of the union, act to deter or defeat any threats or aggression against the territory, people or maritime interests of India, both in war and peace.
Through joint exercises, goodwill visits and humanitarian missions, including disaster relief, Indian Navy promotes bilateral relations between nations. As of June , Indian Navy has 67, active  and 55, reserve personnel in service and has a fleet of ships and submarines, and aircraft.
The maritime history of India dates back to 6, years with the birth of art of the navigation and navigating during the Indus Valley Civilisation. The Rig Veda, credits Varuna , the Hindu god of water and the celestial ocean ,  with knowledge of the ocean routes and describes the use of ships having hundred oars in the naval expeditions by Indians.
There are also references to the side wings of a ship called Plava , which stabilizes the vessel during storms. Plava is considered to be the precursor of modern-day stabilizers.
Alexander the Great during his conquest over India, built a harbour at Patala. His army retreated to Mesopotamia on the ships built at Sindh. In the later of his conquest, records show that the Emperor of Maurya Empire , Chandragupta Maurya , as a part of war office, established an Admiralty Division under the Superintendent of Ships.
Many historians from ancient India recorded the Indian trade relations with many countries, and even with countries as far as Java and Sumatra. There were also references to the trade routes of countries in the Pacific and Indian Ocean. India also had trade relations with the Greeks and the Romans.
At one instance Roman historian Gaius Plinius Secundus mentioned of Indian traders carrying away large masses of gold and silver from Rome, in payment for skins, precious stones, clothes, indigo, sandalwood, herbs, perfumes, and spices. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands served as an important halt point for trade ships en route to these nations and as well as China. During — AD the daily revenue from these nations was expected to be around maunds 8 tonnes 7. During 14th and 15th centuries, Indian shipbuilding skills and their maritime ability was sophisticated enough to produce ships with a capacity to carry over hundred men.
Ships also had compartments included in their design, so that even if one compartment was damaged, the ship would remain afloat. These features of were developed by Indians even before Europeans were aware of the idea. However, by the end of thirteenth century Indian naval power had started to decline, and had reached its low by the time the Portuguese entered India.
Soon after they set foot in India, the Portuguese started to hunt down all Asian vessels not permitting their trade. Amidst this, in , a naval war at Bombay Harbour resulted in the surrender of Thane , Karanja , and Bandora. By , the Portuguese took complete control over the Bombay Harbour.
The Zamorin of Calicut challenged the Portuguese trade when Vasco da Gama refused to pay the customs levy as per the trade agreement. This resulted in two major naval wars, the first one— Battle of Cochin , was fought in , and the second engagement happened four years later off Diu. Both these wars, exposed the weakness of Indian maritime power and simultaneously helped the Portuguese to gain mastery over the Indian waters. In the later seventeenth century Indian naval power observed remarkable revival.
The alliance of the Moghuls and the Sidis of Janjira was marked as a major power on the west coast. On the southern front, the 1st Sovereign of the Maratha Empire , Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj , started creating his own fleet. His fleet was commanded by notable admirals like Sidhoji Gujar and Kanhoji Angre. However, the Marathas witnessed remarkable decline in their naval capabilities following the death of Angre in The origins of the Indian Navy date to , when an English vessel under the command of Captain Best encountered the Portuguese.
Although the Portuguese were defeated, this incident along with the trouble caused by the pirates to the merchant vessels, forced the British to maintain fleet near Surat , Gujarat. Their objective was to protect British merchant shipping off the Gulf of Cambay and up the Narmada and Tapti rivers. As the HEIC continued to expand its rule and influence over different parts of India, the responsibility of Company's Marine increased too.
Much later, it was also involved in the First Anglo-Burmese War of Due to some unrecorded reasons, the Navy's name reverted to the Bombay Marine from to , after which it was named Her Majesty's Indian Marine. The Marine participated in World War I with a fleet of patrol vessels, troop carriers, and minesweepers. In , D. Mukherji was the first Indian to be granted a commission, in the rank of an Engineer Sub-lieutenant. Also in , the RIM was accorded combatant status, which entitled it to be considered a true fighting force and to fly the White Ensign of the Royal Navy.
During the early stages of World War II , the tiny Royal Indian Navy consisted of five sloops, one survey vessel, one depot ship, one patrol vessel and numerous assorted small craft; personnel strength was at only officers and 1, sailors.
By June , the navy had doubled its number in terms of both personnel and material, and expanded nearly six times of its pre-war strength by When hostilities ceased in August , the Royal Indian Navy had expanded to a personnel strength of over 25, officers and sailors. Its fleet comprised seven sloops, four frigates , four corvettes , fourteen minesweepers , sixteen trawlers , two depot ships , thirty auxiliary vessels, one hundred and fifty landing craft, two hundred harbour craft and several offensive and defensive motor launches.
From the inception of India's naval force, some senior Indian politicians had voiced concerns about the degree of "Indianisation" of the Navy and its subordination to the Royal Navy in all important aspects.
After the strike began, the sailors received encouragement and support from the Communist Party in India; unrest spread from the naval ships, and led to student and worker hartals in Bombay. The strike ultimately failed as the sailors did not receive substantial support from either the Indian Army or from political leaders in Congress or the Muslim League. Choudhry and Bhaskar Sadashiv Soman, both of whom would eventually command the Pakistani and Indian Navies, respectively, became the first Indian RIN officers to attain the acting rank of captain.
Following independence and the partition of India on 15 August , the RIN's depleted fleet of ships and remaining personnel were divided between the newly independent Dominion of India and Dominion of Pakistan.
The Indian share of the Navy consisted of 32 vessels along with 11, personnel. Effective from the same date, all British officers were compulsorily retired from the Navy and its reserve components, with Indian officers being promoted to replace British senior officers. By , the Navy had largely overcome its post-Independence personnel shortfalls.
By , senior Naval appointments had begun to be filled by Indian officers,  and by , basic training for naval cadets was entirely conducted in India. The first engagement in action of the Indian Navy was against the Portuguese Navy during the liberation of Goa in Operation Vijay followed years of escalating tension due to Portuguese refusal to relinquish its colonies in India.
On 21 November , Portuguese troops fired on the passenger liner Sabarmati near Anjadip Island , killing one person and injuring another. During Operation Vijay, the Indian Navy supported troop landings and provided fire support. At the outbreak of Indo-Pakistani War of , the Navy had one aircraft carrier, two cruisers, nineteen destroyers and frigates, and one tanker. Of these twenty-ships ten were under refit.
The others were largely involved coastal patrols. During the war, the Pakistani Navy attacked the Indian coastal city of Dwarka , although there were no military resources in the area. While this attack was insignificant, India deployed naval resources to patrol the coast and deter further bombardment.
The dramatic change in the Indian Navy's capabilities and stance was emphatically demonstrated during the Indo-Pakistani War of The attack also irreparably damaged another destroyer and oil storage tanks at the Karachi port. In retaliation, Soviet Navy submarines trailed the American task force, which moved away from the Indian Ocean towards Southeast Asia to avert a confrontation.
Since playing a decisive role in the victory, the navy has been a deterrent force maintaining peace for India in a region of turmoil. In the 21st century, the Indian Navy has played an important role in maintaining peace for India on the maritime front, in spite of the state of foment in its neighbourhood.
It has been deployed for humanitarian relief in times of natural disasters and crises across the globe, as well as to keep India's maritime trade routes free and open. The Indian Navy was a part of the joint forces exercises, Operation Parakram , during the — India—Pakistan standoff.
More than a dozen warships were deployed to the northern Arabian Sea. The navy plays an important role in providing humanitarian relief in times of natural disasters, including floods, cyclones and tsunamis. In the aftermath of the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami , the Indian Navy launched massive disaster relief operations to help affected Indian states as well as Maldives, Sri Lanka and Indonesia.
Over 27 ships, dozens of helicopters, at least six fixed-wing aircraft and over personnel of the navy were deployed in relief operations. Indian naval rescue vessels and teams reached neighbouring countries less than 12 hours from the time that the tsunami hit. During the Israel-Lebanon conflict , the Indian Navy launched Operation Sukoon and evacuated 2, persons from 20 to 29 July including Sri Lankans, 69 Nepalese and 7 Lebanese nationals from war-torn Lebanon.
This operation has had numerous successes in preventing pirate attacks. Currently, the principal roles of the Indian Navy are:  . No officer of the Indian Navy has yet been conferred this rank. The Indian Navy operates three operational Commands. The Command was set up in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in These bases are intended for various purposes such as logistics and maintenance support, ammunition support, air stations, hospitals, MARCOS bases, coastal defence, missile defence, submarine and missile boat bases, forward operating bases etc.
The base is said to house nuclear submarines and also a VLF facility. Indian Navy has a specialized training command which is responsible for organisation, conduct and overseeing of all basic, professional and specialist training throughout the Navy. Established in , it is the largest naval academy in Asia. India uses the Midshipman rank in its navy, and all future officers carry the rank upon entering the Indian Naval Academy. They are commissioned Sub-lieutenants upon finishing their course of study.
While the provision for the rank of Admiral of the Fleet exists, it is primarily intended for major wartime use and honour. The highest ranked naval officer in organization structure is the Chief of Naval Staff , who holds the rank of admiral. In the Indian Navy, the sailors are initially listed as, Seaman 2nd class.
As they grow through the ranks they attain the highest rank of enlisted personnel, Master chief petty officer 1st class. Sailors who possess leadership qualities and fulfill requisite conditions in terms of education, age etc. The naval air-arm of the Indian Navy currently operates twenty-one air squadrons.
Of these, ten operate fixed-wing aircraft, eight are helicopter squadrons and the remaining three are equipped with unmanned aerial vehicles UAV.
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J. J. Widen Theorist of Maritime Strategy: Sir Julian Corbett and his Request Full-text Paper PDF Modeling maritime interception operations - NCW and the value of information The aim is to represent the impact on the effectiveness of the MIO of the availability of information on target-vessel intentions.
Provide high-impact teaching and personalize instruction with Full Access for Mathematics. Find the area of the triangle OAB, where O is the origin and A and B are the points where the line cuts the x-axis and the y-axis respectively. State the gradient of the line 6. Grades 5 to 8 Science: A Foundation for Implementation 8.
The Chief of Naval Staff , a four-star admiral , commands the navy. The Indian Navy traces its origins back to the East India Company's Marine which was founded in to protect British merchant shipping in the region. In , the British East India Company established its rule over eastern part of the Indian subcontinent i. Bengal, but it was not until that the colonial navy was titled as His Majesty's Indian Navy. When India became a republic in , the Royal Indian Navy as it had been named since was renamed to Indian Navy.
It consists in bringing into the cockpit the most advanced capabilities of digital networks, based on commercial cloud technologies, in order to strengthen the efficiency, effectiveness and resilience of air power, whose operational functions will thus be transformed. The tactical cloud must become an essential part of a future air combat system and, beyond that, of all French armed forces, particularly in view of their limited format.
Commandant CG U. Skip to main content Press Enter. Shore Safety.
This is true. The path to employ information-related capabilities IRCs requires access from the sender to the receiver, and that targeting path must be sustainable. It employs a rigorous and … Based on this, different strategies to counteract these enemy plans are suggested by the authors of this document. Does the U. The article provides clear vision concerning the issues related to international warfare.
Theorist of Maritime Strategy: Sir Julian Corbett and his Contribution to Military Request Full-text Paper PDF Modeling maritime interception operations - NCW and the value of The aim is to represent the impact on the effectiveness of the MIO of the availability of information on target-vessel intentions.
Очень хорошо. Сообщите, когда узнаете. Телефонистка поклонилась и вышла. Нуматака почувствовал, как расслабляются его мышцы. Код страны - 1. Действительно хорошая новость.
Мидж. - Он постарался ее успокоить, входя вслед за ней в комнату заседаний к закрытому жалюзи окну. - Пусть директор разбирается. Она посмотрела ему в. - Ты представляешь, что произойдет, если выйдет из строя система охлаждения ТРАНСТЕКСТА. Бринкерхофф пожал плечами и подошел к окну.
Спасибо. Я лишь хотел спросить, есть ли в городе клубы, где собираются молодые люди - панки. - Клубы. Для панков? - переспросил бармен, странно посмотрев на Беккера.
Кипя от злости, тот нырнул в стремительно уплотняющуюся толпу. Он должен настичь Дэвида Беккера. Халохот отчаянно пытался протиснуться к концу улочки, но внезапно почувствовал, что тонет в этом море человеческих тел. Со всех сторон его окружали мужчины в пиджаках и галстуках и женщины в черных платьях и кружевных накидках на опущенных головах.
- Что он хочет этим сказать. - Четыре на шестнадцать, - повторил профессор.
Стратмор пока не сказал ей, что этот ключ представляет для него отнюдь не только академический интерес. Он думал, что сможет обойтись без ее участия - принимая во внимание ее склонность к самостоятельности - и сам найдет этот ключ, но уже столкнулся с проблемами, пытаясь самостоятельно запустить Следопыта. Рисковать еще раз ему не хотелось. - Сьюзан, - в его голосе послышалась решимость, - я прошу тебя помочь мне найти ключ Хейла. - Что? - Сьюзан встала, глаза ее сверкали.
Хорошенькое зрелище, - подумал Беккер. - Где, черт возьми, регистратура. За едва заметным изгибом коридора Беккер услышал голоса.
Никто не задаст вопросов. Никто ни в чем его не обвинит. Он сам расскажет о том, что случилось. Все люди умирают… что значит еще одна смерть.
Turista, - усмехнулся. И прошептал чуть насмешливо: - Llamo un medico. Вызвать доктора.
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