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Documenting Software Architecture Views And Beyond Pdf Creator

documenting software architecture views and beyond pdf creator

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And when it comes to floor plans, this. This new drawing tool lets users uncover virtual perspective grids, to scale, anywhere — making complex sketching easy and accessible. Refresh saved image: If you click on a saved image in a box , the image from the drawing area will take its place, as a new recording. Tracing - trace over an image of a floor plan.

Documenting Software Architectures Views And Beyond 2nd Edition Ebook

Technology-specific techniques do not replace the general techniques: content developers should consider both general techniques and technology-specific techniques as they work toward conformance. Publication of techniques for a specific technology does not imply that the technology can be used in all situations to create content that meets WCAG 2. Developers need to be aware of the limitations of specific technologies and provide content in a way that is accessible to people with disabilities.

For a list of techniques for other technologies, see the Table of Contents. The Portable Document Format PDF is a file format for representing documents in a manner independent of the application software, hardware, and operating system used to create them, as well as of the output device on which they are to be displayed or printed. PDF files specify the appearance of pages in a document in a reliable, device-independent manner. In July , PDF 1.

The specification describes the required and prohibited components and the conditions governing their inclusion in or exclusion from a PDF file in order for the file to be available to the widest possible audience, including those with disabilities.

PDF includes several features in support of accessibility of documents to users with disabilities. The core of this support lies in the ability to determine the logical order of content in a PDF document, independently of the content's appearance or layout, through logical structure and Tagged PDF.

Applications can extract the content of a document for presentation to users with disabilities by traversing the structure hierarchy and presenting the contents of each node. For this reason, producers of PDF files must ensure that all information in a document is reachable by means of the structure hierarchy. Such information might include, for example, the organization of the document into chapters, headings, paragraphs and sections or the identification of special elements such as figures, tables, and footnotes.

The logical structure features are extensible, allowing applications that produce PDF files to choose what structural information to include and how to represent it, while enabling PDF consumers to navigate a file without knowing the producer's structural conventions. A document's logical structure is expressed as a hierarchy of structure elements, each represented by a dictionary object. Like their counterparts in other markup languages, PDF structure elements can have content and attributes.

A PDF document's logical structure is stored separately from its visible content, with pointers from each to the other. This separation allows the ordering and nesting of logical elements to be entirely independent of the order and location of graphics objects on the document's pages.

The logical structure of a document is described by a hierarchy of objects called the structure hierarchy or structure tree. At the root of the hierarchy is a dictionary object called the structure tree root, located by means of the StructTreeRoot entry in the document catalog.

See Section The K entry specifies the immediate children of the structure tree root, which are structure elements. It defines a set of standard structure types and attributes that allow page content text, graphics, and images to be extracted and reused for other purposes.

It is intended for use by tools that perform the following types of operations:. Automatic reflow of text and associated graphics to fit a page of a different size than was assumed for the original layout.

PDF files may be produced either directly by application programs or indirectly by conversion from other file formats or imaging models. In addition, tools exist for inspecting, checking, and repairing PDF files for accessibility. The following sections provide representative lists of applications and tools typically used for these functions. These notes do not, and cannot, provide an exhaustive list, nor do they endorse particular applications and tools.

As with any software, application support for PDF accessibility will vary with different versions, with the formatting requirements of specific PDF documents, and with actual usage of the application.

That is, the tools can be used properly to produce appropriate tags, etc.. In general, newer tools will provide greater support than earlier ones.

The tools' vendors are the source of authoritative information about their support for PDF accessibility. Many applications can generate PDF files directly, and some can import them as well. This direct approach is preferable, since it gives the application access to the full capabilities of PDF, including the imaging model and the interactive and document interchange features.

There are two principal indirect methods:. A software component called a printer driver intercepts these calls and interprets them to generate output in PDF form. Although these indirect strategies are often the easiest way to obtain PDF output from an existing application, the resulting PDF files may not make the best use of the high-level PDF imaging model relied upon to expose the semantics of the document.

This is because the information embodied in the application's API calls or in the intermediate output file often describes the desired results at too low a level. Any higher-level information maintained by the original application has been lost and is not available to the printer driver or translator.

For example, since the printer driver or translator targets correct visual output, information about the semantics of the document may not be sent at all or may be ignored when creating the PDF output. As a result, headings may not be tagged as such, or link text may not be associated with its link object. Check with the vendor of any PDF authoring tool in order to understand how to use the tool in a way that produces the best tagged output.

Adobe FrameMaker - Desktop publishing application from Adobe Systems that directly exports tagged PDF and provides support for alternative text descriptions. Adobe InDesign - Page layout and desktop publishing application from Adobe Systems that directly exports tagged PDF and provides support for alternative text descriptions. Adobe LiveCycle Designer - Windows-based forms design application from Adobe Systems that directly exports tagged PDF interactive forms and provides support for alternative text descriptions; can be invoked standalone or from within Acrobat Pro.

CommonLook Office provides tools to allow content authors to run accessibility tests in the Microsoft Word and PowerPoint environments and to remediate accessibility issues prior to conversion to PDF. Note: Care should be taken when choosing PDF creation tools from the many available, as some may not support creation of tagged PDF files. Adobe Acrobat Pro. It has a number of tools for evaluating and repairing the accessibility of PDF files, including access to the structure root through the tags panel, the ability to directly manipulate the reading order through the order panel, a built-in accessibility checker, and the Touch Up Reading Order tool which provides a graphical mechanism for assessing and repairing the accessibility of a PDF document.

Commonlook PDF. CommonLook PDF helps identify, report and correct the most common accessibility problems, including the proper tagging of images, tables, forms and other non-textual objects. Has a number of built in accessibility features including text to speech Read Out Loud , high contrast display, reflow for large print display, auto scroll, accessibility full check, accessibility quick check, touch up reading order tool, and an accessibility setup assistant.

Has a number of built in accessibility features including text to speech Read Out Loud , high contrast display, reflow for large print display, auto scroll, accessibility quick check, and an accessibility setup assistant. Adobe provides methods to make the content of a PDF file available to assistive technology such as screen readers:. Accessibility applications such as screen readers can interface with Acrobat or Adobe Reader in two ways:.

Acrobat issues notifications to accessibility clients about interesting events occurring in the PDF file window and responds to requests from such clients. Recent versions of Acrobat and Reader have enhanced the support for accessibility interfaces:.

The DOM accessibility interfaces provide somewhat more extensive access. NVDA Providing feedback via synthetic speech and Braille, NVDA allows blind and vision-impaired people to access and interact with the Windows operating system and many third party applications.

Supernova Access Suite Window-Eyes 7. ZoomText 9. Adobe Accessibility Resource Center. Adobe Acrobat Accessibility Training Resources. PDF Specification Archives. PDF 1. This is normally accomplished using a tool for authoring PDF. PDF documents may be enhanced by providing alternative descriptions for images, formulas, and other items that do not translate naturally into text. In fact, such text alternatives are required for accessibility: alternate descriptions are human-readable text that can be vocalized by text-to-speech technology for the benefit of users with vision disabilities.

When an image contains words that are important to understanding the content, the text alternative should include those words. This will allow the alternative to accurately represent the image. Note that it does not necessarily describe the visual characteristics of the image itself but must convey the same meaning as the image.

This example is shown with Adobe Acrobat Pro. There are other software tools that perform similar functions. This example is shown with Microsoft Word. This example is shown with Open Office. The image might also be represented by a tag with a different name.

A different name might be used because the tag name is written in a language other than English or because a specific tool uses a different name for some other reason. In this situation, it is also necessary that the RoleMap contained within the StructTreeRoot for the PDF document contain an entry which explicitly maps the name of the tag used for the image with the standard structure type used in PDF documents in this case, Figure.

If the RoleMap contains only an entry mapping Shape tags to Figure tags, the rolemap information would appear as follows:.

Section Acrobat and Accessibility. PDF Reference 1. PDF and Accessibility. Read the PDF document with a screen reader, listening to hear that the equivalent text is read when tabbing to the non-text object if it is tabbable or hearing the alternative text read when reading the content line-by-line. Use a tool that exposes the document through the accessibility API and verify that images have required text equivalents. If this is a sufficient technique for a success criterion, failing this test procedure does not necessarily mean that the success criterion has not been satisfied in some other way, only that this technique has not been successfully implemented and can not be used to claim conformance.

The intent of this technique is to make it possible for users to locate content using bookmarks outline entries in an Outline dictionary in long documents. A person with cognitive disabilities may prefer a hierarchical outline that provides an overview of the document rather than reading and traversing through many pages.

This is also a conventional means of navigating a document that benefits all users. Use Save as The table-of-contents entries in the converted document will be linked to the headings in the document. The table of contents also should be marked up with a heading so it is bookmarked as well.

If this markup has not been done in the authoring tool, Adobe Acrobat Pro can be used to provide the tags. See PDF9: Providing headings by marking content with heading tags in PDF documents if you need to modify converted headings or add new ones. This example is shown in operation in the working example of creating bookmarks with Word This example is shown with OpenOffice.

Convert your PDF to digital flipbook

How To Print 11x17 Revit. Creating or bringing in a title block. There's no need to re-issue a whole sheet, we just need to issue the detail as a sketch on 11x17 or 8. I can't get this to work for Include pictures of your models, boards, sketches, and anything you consider necessary to explain your project. I'm also a member of. Only happens in LR and not PS.

How To Print 11x17 Revit

You have been detected as being from. Where applicable, you can see country-specific product information, offers, and pricing. Design Review CAD viewer software lets you view, mark up, print, and track changes to 2D and 3D files for free—without the original design software.

4+1 architectural view model

Technology-specific techniques do not replace the general techniques: content developers should consider both general techniques and technology-specific techniques as they work toward conformance. Publication of techniques for a specific technology does not imply that the technology can be used in all situations to create content that meets WCAG 2. Developers need to be aware of the limitations of specific technologies and provide content in a way that is accessible to people with disabilities.

Documenting Software Architectures, Second Edition, provides the most complete and current guidance, independent of language or notation, on how to capture an architecture in a commonly understandable form. This book provides the most complete and current guidance on how to capture a software architecture in a commonly understandable form. Drawing on their extensive experience, the authors first help you decide what information to document, and then, with guidelines and examples in various notations. Drawing on their extensive experience, the authors first help you decide what information to document, and then, with guidelines and examples in various notations, including Cited by: Documenting Software Architectures: Views and Beyond, isbnean , by Clements P. Contributor By: Ann M.

PDF Techniques for WCAG 2.0

We cover documenting your project. We'll start with showing how to create floor plans, elevations and building sections. These can be used to layout a sheet.

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