File Name: difference between formative and summative evaluation in education .zip
The goal of formative assessment is to monitor student learning to provide ongoing feedback that can be used by instructors to improve their teaching and by students to improve their learning. More specifically, formative assessments:. Formative assessments are generally low stakes , which means that they have low or no point value. Examples of formative assessments include asking students to:. The goal of summative assessment is to evaluate student learning at the end of an instructional unit by comparing it against some standard or benchmark.
To effectively evaluate both stages, two different types of evaluations must be used. Both types of evaluations collect useful and important information in order to assess the effectiveness of the program. Also, the creation of these evaluations require careful thought and planning about what should be assessed, and how it should be measured. Formative evaluations — conducted while the program and its activities are being developed or formed. Summative evaluations — conducted after the course or program has been implemented. Summative Evaluation — Conducted after the training program has been administered in order to provide information on its effectiveness.
Assessment allows both instructor and student to monitor progress towards achieving learning objectives, and can be approached in a variety of ways. Formative assessment refers to tools that identify misconceptions, struggles, and learning gaps along the way and assess how to close those gaps. It can include students assessing themselves, peers, or even the instructor, through writing, quizzes, conversation, and more. In short, formative assessment occurs throughout a class or course, and seeks to improve student achievement of learning objectives through approaches that can support specific student needs Theal and Franklin, , p. In contrast, summative assessments evaluate student learning, knowledge, proficiency, or success at the conclusion of an instructional period, like a unit, course, or program. Summative assessments are almost always formally graded and often heavily weighted though they do not need to be. Summative assessment can be used to great effect in conjunction and alignment with formative assessment, and instructors can consider a variety of ways to combine these approaches.
involved in the effective teaching and their use in the different assessments. 3 Exploring Relations Between Formative and Summative Assessment.
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