File Name: mcdonalds history and background .zip
McDonald's is the world's leading food service organization. We operate over 30, restaurants in more than countries on six continents. We have the benefits that come with scale and a strong financial position. We own one of the world's most recognized and respected brands.
They rechristened their business as a hamburger stand, and later turned the company into a franchise , with the Golden Arches logo being introduced in at a location in Phoenix, Arizona. In , Ray Kroc , a businessman, joined the company as a franchise agent and proceeded to purchase the chain from the McDonald brothers.
McDonald's had its previous headquarters in Oak Brook, Illinois , but moved its global headquarters to Chicago in June In response to changing consumer tastes and a negative backlash because of the unhealthiness of their food,  the company has added to its menu salads , fish , smoothies , and fruit.
The McDonald's Corporation revenues come from the rent, royalties, and fees paid by the franchisees, as well as sales in company-operated restaurants. According to two reports published in , McDonald's is the world's second-largest private employer with 1.
The brothers introduced the "Speedee Service System" in , putting into expanded use the principles of the modern fast-food restaurant that their predecessor White Castle had put into practice more than two decades earlier. The mascot, clown Ronald McDonald , was introduced in He appeared in advertising to target their audience of children. On May 4, , McDonald's first filed for a U.
By September 13, McDonald's, under the guidance of Ray Kroc, filed for a trademark on a new logo—an overlapping, double-arched "M" symbol. But before the double arches, McDonald's used a single arch for the architecture of their buildings. Although the " Golden Arches " logo appeared in various forms, the present version was not used until November 18, , when the company was favored a U. The present corporation credits its founding to franchised businessman Ray Kroc on April 15, This was in fact the ninth opened McDonald's restaurant overall, although this location was destroyed and rebuilt in In , Kroc purchased the McDonald brothers' equity in the company and began the company's worldwide reach.
Kroc and the McDonald brothers fought for control of the business, as documented in Kroc's autobiography. The San Bernardino restaurant was eventually torn down in , and the site was sold to the Juan Pollo chain in Its prominence has made it a frequent topic of public debates about obesity , corporate ethics , and consumer responsibility. Focusing on its core brand, McDonald's began divesting itself of other chains it had acquired during the s. The company owned a majority stake in Chipotle Mexican Grill until October , when McDonald's fully divested from Chipotle through a stock exchange.
In the United States, it is reported that drive-throughs account for 70 percent of sales. These rent payments rose 26 percent between and , accounting for one-fifth of the company's total revenue at the end of the period.
The United Kingdom and Ireland business model is different from the U. S, in that fewer than 30 percent of restaurants are franchised, with the majority under the ownership of the company. McDonald's trains its franchisees and management at Hamburger University located at its Chicago headquarters. Employees are encouraged by McDonald's Corp. The selection of meats McDonald's uses varies to some extent based on the culture of the host country. The ,square-foot structure opened on June 4, and was built on the former site of Harpo Productions where The Oprah Winfrey Show and several other Harpo productions taped.
It sits on the site of the former headquarters and stabling area of Paul Butler, the founder of Oak Brook. As of February [update] , the board of directors had the following members: . On November 4, , McDonald's announced that Steve Easterbrook would no longer be CEO due to a violation of company guidelines pertaining to relationships with employees.
McDonald's has become emblematic of globalization , sometimes referred to as the " McDonaldization " of society. The Economist newspaper uses the " Big Mac Index ": the comparison of the cost of a Big Mac in various world currencies can be used to informally judge these currencies' purchasing power parity. Thomas Friedman said that no country with a McDonald's had gone to war with another;   however, the " Golden Arches Theory of Conflict Prevention " is incorrect.
McDonald's suspended operations in its corporate-owned stores in Crimea after Russia annexed the region in The company has operated in Russia since and at August had stores across the country.
Some observers have suggested that the company should be given credit for increasing the standard of service in markets that it enters. When it opened in Hong Kong in , McDonald's was the first restaurant to consistently offer clean restrooms, driving customers to demand the same of other restaurants and institutions.
McDonald's has taken to partnering up with Sinopec , the second largest oil company in the People's Republic of China, as it takes advantage of the country's growing use of personal vehicles by opening numerous drive-thru restaurants.
The company stated it would open vegetarian-only restaurants in India by mid Orlando, Florida , United States. Markham, Ontario , Canada. Lugano , Switzerland. Sargodha , Pakistan. Dubai , UAE. Kosher -McDonald's in Ashkelon , Israel. Busan , South Korea. Sydney , Australia. Sarajevo , Bosnia and Herzegovina.
McDonald's predominantly sells hamburgers , various types of chicken , chicken sandwiches , French fries , soft drinks , breakfast items, and desserts. In most markets, McDonald's offers salads and vegetarian items, wraps and other localized fare. On a seasonal basis, McDonald's offers the McRib sandwich.
Some speculate the seasonality of the McRib adds to its appeal. Products are offered as either "dine-in" where the customer opts to eat in the restaurant or "take-out" where the customer opts to take the food off the premises.
In both cases, the individual items are wrapped or boxed as appropriate. The company has looked to introduce healthier options, and removed high-fructose corn syrup from hamburger buns. The company has removed artificial preservatives from Chicken McNuggets ,  replacing chicken skin, safflower oil and citric acid found in Chicken McNuggets with pea starch, rice starch and powdered lemon juice. In September , McDonald's USA announced that they no longer use artificial preservatives, flavors and colors entirely from seven classic burgers sold in the U.
In November , McDonald's announced McPlant, a plant-based burger, along with plans to develop additional meat alternative menu items that extend to chicken substitutes and breakfast sandwiches.
Restaurants in several countries, particularly in Asia , serve soup. This local deviation from the standard menu is a characteristic for which the chain is particularly known, and one which is employed either to abide by regional food taboos such as the religious prohibition of beef consumption in India or to make available foods with which the regional market is more familiar such as the sale of McRice in Indonesia, or Ebi prawn Burger in Singapore and Japan.
In the United States and Canada, after limited trials on a regional basis, McDonald's began offering in  and ,  respectively, a partial breakfast menu during all hours its restaurants are open. Most standalone McDonald's restaurants offer both counter service and drive-through service, with indoor and sometimes outdoor seating. The first such restaurant in Britain opened at Fallowfield , Manchester in In , McDonald's attempted Hearth Express, a prototype specializing in homestyle takeout meals.
Among the fare offered were meatloaf, fried chicken, and baked ham. This experiment started with a single location in Darien, Illinois , but closed in only one year. In some countries, McDrive locations near highways offer no counter service or seating. The concept was created by McDonald's Australia, where it is marketed as Macca's, starting with Melbourne in From to , McDonald's tried a new gourmet burger service and restaurant concept based on other gourmet restaurants such as Shake Shack and Grill'd.
It was rolled out for the first time in Australia during the early months of and expanded to China, Hong Kong, Singapore, Arabia and New Zealand, with ongoing trials in the US market.
In dedicated "Create Your Taste" CYT kiosks, customers could choose all ingredients including type of bun and meat along with optional extras. After a person had ordered, McDonald's advised that wait times were between 10 and 15 minutes.
When the food was ready, trained crew 'hosts' brought the food to the customer's table. Instead of McDonald's usual cardboard and plastic packaging, CYT food was presented on wooden boards, fries in wire baskets and salads in china bowls with metal cutlery. A higher price applied. In November , Create Your Taste was replaced by a "Signature Crafted Recipes" program designed to be more efficient and less expensive. Some locations are connected to gas stations and convenience stores ,  while others called McExpress have limited seating or menu or may be located in a shopping mall.
Other McDonald's are located in Walmart stores. McStop is a location targeted at truckers and travelers which may have services found at truck stops.
In Sweden, customers who order a happy meal can use the meal's container for a pair of goggles. There are many kosher branches in Israel. Some McDonald's in suburban areas and certain cities feature large indoor or outdoor playgrounds. The first PlayPlace with the familiar crawl-tube design with ball pits and slides was introduced in in the US, with many more being constructed soon after.
The concept store also offers free mobile device charging and table service after pm. The first store opened in Hong Kong in December In , McDonald's introduced its "Forever Young" brand by redesigning all of its restaurants, the first major redesign since the s. The goal of the redesign is to be more like a coffee shop, similar to Starbucks.
The design includes wooden tables, faux-leather chairs, and muted colors; the red was muted to terracotta, the yellow was shifted to golden for a more "sunny" look, and olive and sage green were also added.
To create a warmer look, the restaurants have less plastic and more brick and wood, with modern hanging lights to produce a softer glow. Many restaurants feature free Wi-Fi and flat-screen TVs. Other upgrades include double drive-thrus, flat roofs instead of the angled red roofs, and replacing fiber glass with wood. Instead of the familiar golden arches, the restaurants feature "semi-swooshes" half of a golden arch , similar to the Nike swoosh. McDonald's began banning smoking in when it restricted customers from smoking within its 1, wholly owned restaurants.
Restaurants in a number of countries including France , Italy , Spain , the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland were temporarily closed. McDonald's Australia was forced to close 11 Melbourne restaurants temporarily after staff came into contact with a delivery driver who tested positive for COVID The re-opening of McDonald's restaurants for drive-thru in the United Kingdom generated significant queues of traffic throughout the country.
Since the late s, McDonald's has attempted to replace employees with electronic kiosks which would perform actions such as taking orders and accepting money.
They rechristened their business as a hamburger stand, and later turned the company into a franchise , with the Golden Arches logo being introduced in at a location in Phoenix, Arizona. In , Ray Kroc , a businessman, joined the company as a franchise agent and proceeded to purchase the chain from the McDonald brothers. McDonald's had its previous headquarters in Oak Brook, Illinois , but moved its global headquarters to Chicago in June In response to changing consumer tastes and a negative backlash because of the unhealthiness of their food,  the company has added to its menu salads , fish , smoothies , and fruit. The McDonald's Corporation revenues come from the rent, royalties, and fees paid by the franchisees, as well as sales in company-operated restaurants.
Foundation and development of the successful concept a Evolution of the new concept b The first try for building up a franchising chain 2. Becoming a global institution 1. The world-wide expansion III. The retention of the quality 2. The nutritional value 3. Going for a walk through a deserted alley in the city at night, watching the stars shining above, it might not seldom happen that you notice a yellow glow from behind a corner.
The McDonald's Story. The McDonald Brothers. Dick and Mac McDonald moved to California to seek opportunities they felt unavailable in New England. Failing.
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Its headquarters are in Oak Brook, Illinois. They bought appliances for their small hamburger restaurant from salesman Ray Kroc , who was intrigued by their need for eight malt and shake mixers. When Kroc visited the brothers in to see how a small shop could sell so many milk shakes, he discovered a simple, efficient format that permitted the brothers to produce huge quantities of food at low prices. A basic hamburger cost 15 cents, about half the price charged by competing restaurants. The self-service counter eliminated the need for waiters and waitresses; customers received their food quickly because hamburgers were cooked ahead of time, wrapped, and warmed under heat lamps.
Learn more about McDonald's, including its history. The Ronald McDonald House Charities (established ) also supports various other efforts. The Editors.
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