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Tools And Equipment In Automotive Workshop Pdf

tools and equipment in automotive workshop pdf

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Published: 03.04.2021

Want to do your own car maintenance and repairs to save money? To work on cars, you need some basic automotive hand tools.

People who work in automotive repair shops know there are plenty of ways to cause themselves pain. There are greasy floors to slip on; hoses, lines, and creepers to trip on; tires, tools, and parts to fall on your head; and at least a million ways to skin knuckles, bash fingers and strain backs. Of course, those are minor problems compared to battery explosions and gasoline fires that can and do occur around the repair shop. When you think about it, an auto repair shop can be a pretty hazardous place to work. But, at least

Workshop Equipment

Want to do your own car maintenance and repairs to save money? To work on cars, you need some basic automotive hand tools. Some people can take anything apart with a pair of vice grips and a screwdriver, but for serious do-it-yourself car care you need the right tools. Like a professional mechanic, you should buy top quality tools backed by a lifetime free replacement guarantee. You don't have to spend a fortune on your tool collection. Basic hand tools include a set of combination wrenches, a ratchet wrench and set of sockets, an adjustable wrench, a couple of regular and Phillips screwdrivers, several pairs of pliers and a few assorted special purpose tools such as an oil filter wrench, a funnel, a small floor jack, a pair of safety stands, a catch pan or bucket for oil and coolant changes, and a tire pressure gauge.

You may certainly add more but these are the minimum requirements. Most late model cars and light trucks have metric fasteners. A set of wrenches ranging in size from 10mm through 19mm should handle all of the nuts and bolts you're likely to encounter.

Buy a wrench set that has both open and closed end combination wrenches or a set of open end wrenches and a second set of closed box end wrenches. To cover all your bases, you should probably have both a metric and SAE wrench set since some domestic cars use a mixture of both kinds of fasteners.

For example, the engine may have metric fasteners while the suspension may use standard SAE size fasteners. When you buy wrenches, buy them in a set. You get more for your money that way.

Look for name brand wrenches that are made of drop-forged tempered alloy steel, plated for corrosion resistance and backed by a lifetime written guarantee. Sears Craftsman also available at K-Mart is a popular brand with a good reputation. A ratchet wrench is much faster at removing most fasteners. Buy a wrench set that has six point rather than point sockets. Six point sockets are less apt to round off a rusted fastener than a point socket.

A couple of extensions and a swivel can increase the set's versatility tremendously. But quality socket and ratchet sets can be expensive, so if you are on a limited budget, you can put off the socket and ratchet set for now. As with wrenches, you may need SAE, metric or both. They are absolute junk and will likely break the first time you use them. Get one with a wide jaw opening that can handle nuts up to an inch in diameter. For a variety of jobs you will need at least two different sizes of regular flat tipped and Phillips cross-tip screwdrivers.

The cheapest way to buy screwdrivers is usually in a set. A set will often include an assortment of long and short handles which gives you more versatility. Plastic or wooden handles are fine but make sure the handle offers a good grip. Plastic handles with rubber liners may look like they'd give a good grip but once they become greasy the rubber sleeves slip. The blade tips should be of hardened steel and the screwdriver should be plated for corrosion resistance.

Depending on the kind of vehicles you own, you may also have to buy a couple of "Torx" head screwdrivers. Torx head screws have a six-point star-shaped recess in the head Torx head bolts have a gear-like head and require special Torx drive sockets.

You'll find them on many headlight and taillight covers. Torx fasteners are also used on seat belt anchor bolts and some fuel injection assemblies to discourage tampering. Torx head screws are used because they're more resistant to stripping than slot, Phillips or Allen head. A pair of regular pliers and a pair of long needle-nose pliers are a must for any tool box.

A pair of interlocking pliers often called waterpump pliers or ChannelLock pliers are very useful to own. Pliers should be of tempered steel and plated for corrosion resistance. Grip is also extremely important. Some pliers come with plastic covers on the handles. The covers look nice and help protect both the pliers and hands. But if the covers don't fit tightly, they'll slip off when the pliers become greasy. As with other hand tools, buy quality name brand tools backed by a warranty. Avoid the cheap China tools they break!

Vice Grips are a must addition to every tool box. These are adjustable locking pliers that can grip almost anything. However, if this tool is misused, you may damage fasteners.

Always use wrenches or sockets to remove nuts and bolts. If a fastener has a rounded-off head, then use Vice Grips to twist it loose. Buy the brand name Vice Grips, not the copycat knock-off products. If you think you'll be going beyond basic maintenance and light repair, a pair of snap ring pliers will be necessary. The needle-like tips on these pliers are needed to remove snap rings from parts such as master brake cylinders, U-joints and starter drives.

For changing oil, one item you can't do without is an oil filter wrench. Make sure the wrench is the correct size to fit the oil filter on your car s.

You may have to buy several different filter wrenches if you own several cars that have different sized oil filters. Oil filter wrenches come in various styles. The ones that work best are usually those that have a metal band that wraps all the way around the filter. If access to the filter is limited, you may have to use a filter wrench that fits over the end of the filter like a socket. Changing oil will also require a catch pan to catch the oil, a storage container to store the oil for recycling later most auto parts stores will take your old oil for recycling , and some means of raising you vehicle so you can get underneath it to change the oil.

NEVER use a bumper jack or a sill jack for changing oil. These are for changing tires only, and are not the safest type of jacks to use. Buy a small portable floor jack and a pair of safety stands that have a rated lift and support capacity for your vehicle a 2 ton rating will usually handle most cars and light trucks. For more information about floor jacks and safety stands, Click Here ,. Most spark plugs come "pre-gapped" from the factory, but the gap may not be correct for every application the spark plugs fit.

Refer to the emissions decal under the hood on your vehicle for the recommended spark plug gap. Then use a feeler gauge or spark plug gauge to check and adjust the electrode gap on the spark plugs when replacing spark plugs.

Here's a tool that many people own but seldom use. Once bought it is often tossed in the glove box and quickly forgotten. They make great toys for the kids because they love to pull the little plastic indicator stick in and out of the housing. Tire pressure should be checked at least once a month when the tires are cold. Do NOT use the maximum inflation pressure on the side of the tire. Most passenger cars typically require 32 to 34 PSI.

If you own an older vehicle, or a truck that has grease fitting on the ball joints, tie rod ends, control arm bushings or U-joints, you will need a grease gun for lubricating these suspension and driveline components.

Most use a grease cartridge and work like a caulk gun. You squeeze the grip to lubricate the joint. If your socket wrench set does not have a deep well socket that will fit the spark plugs in your engine, buy a spark plug socket that will. For changing and rotating tires, you will need a four-way lug wrench. Or, if you have the bucks, buy an electric impact wrench and a set of impact sockets. You should also buy a torque wrench for tightening the lug nuts when you remount the wheels.

A trouble light comes in handy when working under the hood or under your car. Flashlights are okay for emergency use but chances are your need for light will outlast the batteries. Both volt and volt trouble lights are available.

You can also buy cordless trouble lights that use multiple LED lights or a fluorescent tube for illumination. Some of the LED trouble lights are not very bright, so try it out if possible before you buy it to make sure it produces enough light to be useful. A pair of jumper cables is another item you'll eventually acquire if you live in the Northern states, or if you've found yourself stranded because of a rundown battery.

You don't need jumper cables for routine maintenance or repair work. But they sure come in handy if your battery goes dead. Buy a jumper set that has heavy gauge size 4 or 6 gauge copper cables. Small cables may overheat or not carry enough amps to start a vehicle with a dead battery.

In addition to jumper cables, you might find some other battery tools fairly useful. These include a post puller for prying battery cables off battery posts without damage to either , and a battery post cleaner for cleaning battery posts and cable clamps. Most no-starts and many dead batteries are due to corroded battery terminals.

A wire brush can be used to clean the posts but a post cleaner is faster and works better for cleaning out the inside of the clamps. You may find yourself in need of a battery charger at some point to recharge a low or dead battery. But unless your car has a charging system problem, an old battery or you let it sit for long periods of time without driving it, you may have little use for a charger.

The money would be better spent fixing the problem instead of treating the symptom. If you do buy a battery charger, get one with at least a 6 to 10 amp charging capacity. The little 2 and 4 amp trickle chargers are too slow.

It's also nice if the charger has a "boost" feature for winter jump starting.

The Definitive Auto Mechanic Tools List [With Pictures and Comments]

Our organisation is constantly investing in research and development, and the Rodcraft product range features many patented designs such as our composite sander and latest impact wrench series. Market coverage With a strong European based sales Discover the complete Rodcraft range on www. Important requirements for the use of air tools! In order to maintain the power of a pneumatic motor, to avoid damage and to prolong the tool's life time the compressed air has to meet certain quality standards.

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All tool lists are organized below by class. You can't do an efficient repair job if you have to stop and look around for each But by using this code reader even someone with no knowledge of cars can diagnose the problem. Click here to see options on where to buy tools. This article provides information regarding the must-have automotive tools list for the workshop and will be quite useful for a specific type of people. Every Tool, Every Trade.

Order Line A comprehensive range of garage equipment is available at Machine Mart, including engine cranes, engine stands and trolley jacks. Machine Mart also stocks a range of axle stands, car jacks, parts washers, body repair kits, battery chargers and engine starters. We stock everything from car jacks and axle stands to battery chargers and engine cranes. Those looking for automotive hand tools, accessories or car mechanics looking for more heavy-duty workshop products are catered for. All top quality brands including Bosch and Clarke amongst many others of garage equipment can be brought at competitive prices from our online store. If you are a car mechanic we have everything you would need to use in your workshop including car jacks, jump-starts and impact wrenches.

So, I decided to list out all the basic mechanical tools and cheap hacks you can use in your workshop or makerspace to build simple robots and other projects. List several good tool work habits. Inventories with multiple columns or complicated content are really tough to manage. Ferris State University does not sell tools. Fitting is the process of assembling various parts manufactured in the machine shop.


Clean, dry air is essential for air powered equipment and tools to run properly and have the lifespan you expect removed & system cleaned per manual.


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The goal of many skilled auto mechanics is to open their own auto repair shop at some point in their career. However, putting up an efficient, profitable shop will require much more than mechanical skills. There are a number of repair equipment needs that will be essential in performing even the most basic repairs quickly and reliably for your customers. This will also give you the time to earn enough money to begin acquiring the equipment you will need to operate your own auto repair shop. Auto repair equipment that you will need to get your shop ready for business may include:. You will need a reliable air compressor to operate many tools within your shop, including pneumatic hand tools and some auto lifts. Get the highest capacity you can afford, to be sure you have the power you need for powering the needs of your shop — a good example would be a 60 or gallon compressor.

We even supply all the essentials required to kit out a workshop, including engine cranes, hoists, jacks, mechanics creepers and winches. All tool lists are organized below by class. Automotive Technology programs provide hands-on training, and to succeed you will need the right tools for the trade. This will ensure that you never need to pass up a great opportunity for any repair works. It takes a good knowledge of workshop equipment to make all the right decisions and you also need to learn using and maintaining different equipment correctly. When the need for their use arises, common sense plus a little preventive maintenance prolongs their usefulness. This is an example of an upper and lower box.

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automotive workshop tools list pdf

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